Development of New Age Wujiaochang
Compared with Xuhui and Pudong, Wujiaochang in Jiangwan is not the dominant uppermost center in Shanghai. But as the fast area growth and extension of Shanghai, Wujiaochang is already one of the important sub-civic center.
From the period of 1927-1937, the old Shanghai Government already realized that traffic was a significant factor of the development of one area. The present traffic line and road network in Jiangwan area is structured much better. After the completion of new rail transit, the M8 line and M10 line could cover most of the major area in Jiangwan. The commercial area and residential area has formed and are connected efficiently. The central submerged square with the big painted ‘eggshell’ is the landmark of Wujiaochang. It provides great open walking space and connects different shopping malls. The submerged square provides a space for commercial activities and performances. But as a defect, the lack of location sense makes people hard to stay in the area, compared with the People’s Square in Huangpu Area.
As the old Jiangwan Airport, which had been used for several decades since 1939, was closed in 1994, the development of New Jiangwan City was put into operation. Just like new development area in every city, housing, schools and universities, public facilities are built in the New Jiangwan City. The New Jiangwan City is divided into 6 parts which are Jiangwantiandi, new campus of Fudan University, New Jiangwan City Park, Natural Garden, Urban Village and Knowledge and Business Center. The 90 ㎡ Knowledge and Business Center together with the Wujiaochang Central Business District built the core area of the northeast part of Shanghai, the Wujiaochang sub-civic center.
The development of Jiangwan area is in a boom, but the historical architectures seem to be submerged in the wave. The old Shanghai City Library and Aviation Association Hall is in the edge of wrack. The old Shanghai City Museum lies among a cloud of high-rise buildings. The factory of Zhabei hydraulic power plant, which was mentioned in the chapter ‘Architecture Style in the Greater Shanghai Plan’, was also tore down for further extension project. Some of the Garden Villa in the Japan-ruled period was preserved in the campus of Fudan University and The people’s liberation army air force political college.
Wei Shu魏枢, <The Greater Shanghai Plan> Qi Shi Lu—Jin Dai Shanghai Hua Jie Du Shi Zhong Xin Kong Jian Xing Tai De Liu Bian《大上海计划》启示录——近代上海华界都市中心空间形态的流变, Southeast University Press 东南大学出版社, 1995.