Jerusalem(2000-2017)/Highway 1 as the first Infrastructure to Realise Modernism in Jerusalem I
Despite the deep-rooted ethnic and religious conflict between Israel and Palestine, Jerusalem government (Israel) has never abort the thought of uniting Jerusalem as a vision. According to an official report on Jerusalem transportation Planning in 1985, an Israeli architect KroyankerIn mentioned that the construction of the Highway 1 of Jerusalem was aimed to merge the two parts of Jerusalem into a single urban web with the aid of continuously construction of roads and expanding city centres(Israel).
Indeed, the ultimate goal of Israel government is to steadily extent its authority over Palestinian territory which is a hidden agenda behind an array of Israel government launched planning policies since the 1980s.
From the map, a clear demarcation of the geopolitical boundary is shaped by a road, the highway 1. Israel’s territory lies on the west while Palestine’s territory lies on the East. Along with fragmented Israel’s settlements on the East, the highway is constructed extensively in a way to connect these settlements with the Israel’s city center which is on the West.
The Highway 1 of Jerusalem is situated in the middle of Jerusalem’s territory map. It is 94 kilometers in distance, connecting Jordan Valley at the East End to Tel Aviv at the West End in the present construction extent. Israel began to built extensively after the 1993 Oslo Accords which is an agreement between the Israel government and Palestine Liberal Organization on attaining peace, demanding the ceased of Israel military control over Palestine territory.
The construction of these by-pass roads by the Israel government aimed to connect colonial towns that are located in the East Jerusalem and the West Bank with the larger fragment of Israel territory, the Western Jerusalem, where the city of Israel-Jerusalem is situated.
In order to bridge the fragmentated Israel settlements, these by-pass roads consist of not only highways with six lanes that maximizes the carrying-capacity, forms of connection are not restricted to tunnels, bridges, that were enormously stretched through valley and mountains. Such continuity is further refined with the seamless view of the passenger or driver – the roads are either underground, going on the peripheral or coupled with walls that eliminates Palestine’s territory to be seen from the traveler’s perspective. An Israeli scholar, Meron Benvenisti, described the experience of travelling on these Jewish roads as safe route for the Israels who dwell in Israel settlements in the West, like Gilo, Efrat and Etzion etc., are expected to travel via some of the longest infrastructure in the world, without visually realizing they are passing through an Arab community. The elimination of the trace of any Palestine’s related objects on the route provides mental security to travelers, especially the Israels who are usually the targets of attack of the Palestinians out of rage. The highway thus serves as a road for point to point mobility, particularly the Israel’s military for surveillance and Israel’s settlers to be connected to the city center. The road is described as a Jewish road that is mainly serving the Jewish population in Jeruaslem that is built for catering the geographical demands of a single ethnicity of the country.
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