JERUSALEM(2000-2017)/HIGHWAY 1 AS THE FIRST INFRASTRUCTURE TO REALISE MODERNISM IN JERUSALEM V
The Highway 1 can be seen as a point to point viaduct to promote mobility between Israeli settlements and the city. It passed through Palestinians’ territory but it does not promote stopping by or exploring in these territories. The Light Rail System in this case is a more advanced and aggressive plan from the Israeli government to further penetrate its influences and power into the Palestinians’ communities.
The Light Rail System does not only penetrated into some of the main roads in Palestine’s territories, it enhanced the friction between the two communities by bringing them altogether in the same place. The Light Rail functions like a electricity driven tram way that runs on the road surface. It provides stops in between the journeys to facilitate passengers to travel to various locations like a mass transit. The two communities are often brought up face to face and this is when conflicts are arose that usually result in violence. There is no doubt that majority of passengers will remain as Jews it is an Jews’ built infrastructure. The Arabs do not have the incentive to travel with the Jews’ built infrastructure due to the ethnic contradictory that had been deep rooted in their history. The Arabs are obviously not welcomed to be abroad. The stereotyped image of the Light Rail as the Jew’s infrastructure may do more harm than good to the society as a whole after evaluating the effect of the Highway 1 in Jerusalem to both communities.
The construction of the highway 1 by the Israel government has shown adverse effect on further segregating the country into two distinct communities. The fact that the accessibility of Palestinians were further constrained under after the use of the highway 1 was a proof to this. The urban planning was utilized as a tool to successfully extend the boundary of the Israeli territory and further marginalize the Palestinians community in the country. The urban planning was set to be in favor of only one ethnic group, the Jews, meanwhile the other one was being neglected. However, the Jerusalem, the Arabs were not only neglected from the plan, it was being controlled in a way so that it was further divided and fragmentated from the larger piece of Jerusalem. The ethnic contradiction was realized in a form of a structure that is massive in its size. The notion of segregation is once again manifested after the launching of the Light Rail system in Jerusalem. The Light Rail is expected to bring about segregation issues as the Highway 1 has highlighted. The nature of the infrastructure as a mass transit, incubating people into a same space disregarding their nationality and conflict, and running through some of the majors roads in both communities can be seen as a timer bomb to further deepen the conflicts between the two communities. Violence and rejection from the ethnically disadvantaged Arabs are expected to continue with such aggressive plan from Israel authority to control the power from Arabs through the construction of infrastructure.