The City of Walls – The Formation – Bilbography

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  1. D. Gregory, “The Biopolitics of Baghdad: Counterinsurgency and the Counter-city,” Human Geography, Vol.1 (2008)


  1. S. Niva, “Walling off Iraq: Israel’s Imprint on U.S. Counterinsurgency 86 TDSR 21.2 Doctrine,” Middle East Policy, Vol.15 No.3 (Fall 2008)


  1. International Organization forMigration, “Iraq Displacement


  1. International Committee of the Red Cross, “Civilians Without Protection,”


  1. Coalition Provisional Authority, “Report to Congress Pursuant to Section 1506 of the Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act 2003,” June 2, 2003,


  1. T. Caldeira, City of Walls: Crime, Segregation, and Citizenship in Sao Paulo (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000)


  1. P. Cockburn, “Sunnis Protest against Baghdad’s ‘Prison Wall’,” The Independent, April 24, 2007


  1. E. Weizman, Hollow Land: Israel’s Architecture of Occupation (London: Verso, 2007)


  1. Al-Akkam, Akram J. M. “Urban Heritage in Baghdad: Toward a Comprehensive Sustainable Framework.” Journal of Sustainable Development 6, no. 2 (2013). doi:10.5539/jsd.v6n2p39.


  1. K. Brulliard, “‘Gated Communities’ for the War-Ravaged,” Washington Post, April 23, 2007


  1. E. Sanders, “In Baghdad, a Wall Rises to Contain Bloodshed,” Los Angeles Times, April 20, 2007


  1. J.E. Barnes, “‘Gated Communities’ Planned for Baghdad,” Los Angeles Times, January 1, 2007



  1. D. Cave, “In Baghdad, Sectarian Lines Too Deadly to Cross,” New York Times, March 4, 2007


  1. International Crisis Group, “Iraq’s Civil War, the Sadrists and the Surge,”


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