Old and new walls in Jerusalem, 2005
The concept of Jerusalem as an open city negates the existence of any deep division in Jerusalem. Following theoretical discussion on boundaries formation, walls and their links to national identity and power relations, the article shows that while Israel argued since 1967 that the city is open, it created different kinds of walls that divide Jerusalem into its Palestinian East and its Israeli West. Thick ethnic-national, political, community, religious, historical, and cultural walls separate the Jewish from the Arab side of the city. Due to the multiplicity of walls in Jerusalem as well as the activation of various kinds of passage regimes and control, the relations between Israelis and Palestinians in the city were more varied than in other parts of the West Bank.
Klein, Menachem. “Old and new walls in Jerusalem.” Political geography 24, no. 1 (2005): 53-76.