Ambitions of the USSR government on Ulaanbaatar


Soviet Helps Mongolia Shed Feudalism (Source: New York Times, December 14, 1974.) 

Avenue of the Palace of the Soviet  illustrating Moscow Plan 1935- wide boulevards and public green spaces extended towards a civic center (Source: by The Second Architectural Planning Studio)


Mongolia was a Soviet Satellite.  From the New York Times issued in 1974, the Mongolians was looking to Soviet Union for the military support and economic assistance. At the same time, in return, Mongolia represents a broad buffer against China along Soviet border and exploiting mineral resources for Soviet. Mongolia government was under the control of the Soviet and Soviet had tried to make Mongolia an Asian showcase for Soviet‐style Communism. The dictatorship of the Communist Party in Soviet Russia was paralleled in Mongolia by the dictatorship of the so-called People’s Revolutionary Party, and the Mongolian Government was powerless to make any important decision or to undertake any responsible work without the sanction of the central party organization. (Serebrennikov, 1931) Therefore, Soviet activities had resulted in fundamental changes in the political and economic organization of Mongolia. Urban planning was one of the colonial powers transported soviet socialist concepts to their satellite cities.  The soviet city planning was regarded “a blueprint for a truly socialist city. It was believed that planning is a way to transform human behavior – a city breeds “urban human”. (Gutnov, 1968) The soviet would like to promote population density through high density of public apartment housing, enhance health and hygiene with a central park area. Wide boulevards were often found in their plans because it is crucial for marches and as a clear path to and from the factory for the workers, for example, the Moscow Plan produced in 1935. All these characteristics could also be found in The Ulaanbaatar plan in 1975, produced by the Russian Institute. The plan was an act of proclaiming authority in Mongolia by the Soviet Union. Also, transforming Mongolia into one of the Soviet socialist cities.




Gutnov, Alex. (1968) “The ideal Communist City”. Braziller, George Inc.

Wren, Christopher S. “Soviet Helps Mongolia Shed Feudalism.” New York Times, December 14, 1974. Accessed November 11, 2018.

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