Green Corridor Plan (1975)/Historical Plans of Ulaanbaatar (1911-1998)

Fig. 1: 1911 Ulaanbaatar early urban settlements
(Population: 40, 000))
Fig. 2: 1944 Ulaanbaatar Plan (Population: 41, 000)
Fig. 3: 1954 Ulaanbaatar Plan (Population: 82, 500)
Fig. 4: 1970 Ulaanbaatar Plan (Population: 361, 000)
Fig. 5: 1987 Ulaanbaatar Plan (Population: 520, 500)
Fig. 6: 1998 Ulaanbaatar Plan (Population: 638, 400)

The above historical maps illustrated the change of urban form in Ulaanbatar over 87 years. They also reflects the effect of the urban master plans by Russian scholars of the “Giprogor”, a national planning institute in Moscow in terms of population regulation and infrastructural facilitation. The land zoning by color code also suggests the transitioning of the city from a nomadic lifestyle to a settled urban city. One significant change is the jump in 1954 (Fig. 3) to 1970 (Fig. 4) with the increase of a large extent of urbanized areas, which lies respectively within the period of the implementation of Master Plan I and Master Plan II. In addition, similar traits of the Green Corridor Plan (1975) can be observed in the 1970 plan (Fig. 4) which suggests the urban transitioning to the Green plan at that period. The extensive green corridor cutting across the urbanized areas was the main highlight inspired by Soviet planning ideologies at that time. It beautified the city which is full of dull industrial and high-rise buildings and encouraged the public to relax in the open green spaces.

Translation of colour key in the historical plan (from red to green):

  • Capital building
  • Single building
  • Ger area
  • Industrial building warehouses
  • Special purpose building
  • Parks and recreation
  • Temple, landmark buildings
  • Green area


Byambadorj, Tseregmaa, Marco Amati, and Kristian J. Ruming. “Twenty-first Century Nomadic City: Ger Districts and Barriers to the Implementation of the Ulaanbaatar City Master Plan.” Asia Pacific Viewpoint 52, no. 2 (August 2011): 165-77.

National Archives of Mongolia


4 Comments on “Green Corridor Plan (1975)/Historical Plans of Ulaanbaatar (1911-1998)

  1. This project has some very cool archival materials covering nearly a century. If these were all found under one effort to chart (or even redraw) the progress of a city by a particular government organization, it would be most useful to describe such an effort. Who did it, and why? It is a familiar narrative of modernization and growth, but done with a particular “green” planning, and at a particular cost to the government. To build a society with this much green and civic spaces meant that funds were channeled into this at the expense of other infrastructure or other economic development, as part of the socialist agenda of a people-centric city (as opposed to, say, a city that focuses on building skyscrapers that attract foreign investments, which Ulaanbaatar eventually succumb to). Once you have set the tone of the 87–year transformation, narrow down to a period or a policy that led to an particularly intensive period of greening, i.e. discuss the implications and interpretations of these green spaces more. Lastly, can you upload these images at a larger size, and deskew them, so the black edges can be cropped away without losing key texts?

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