“Material Construction Project for Tianjin Special Municipality City” and “The City Plan of Nanjing”

Material Construction Project for Tianjin Special Municipality City (天津特别市物质建设方案) “is Liang Si Cheng and Zhang Rui’s proposal for the 1930 Tianjin municipal government’s competition of how to construct the new Tianjin.  “The City Plan of Nanjing (首都计划)” is the urban plan for the new national government’s capital by Henry Murphy in 1929. Influenced by Henry’s Nanjing plan, big cities of China including Tianjin began the urban planning work. Comparing the Material Construction Project for Tianjin Special Municipality City” with The City Plan of Nanjing” , we can find that Tianjin Plan is constructed based on the outline of the Nanjing Plan and some contents in Nanjing plan are directly applied to Tianjin. 

The seventh chapter in “The City plan of Nanjing” talks about planning of the road system, in which, Henry divided the roads into five categories:  Main road, secondary road, boulevard, ring road and inner street. Liang and Zhang proposed that “According to the current condition of Tianjin, the roads are categorized into five categories: main road, secondary road, boulevard, inner street and public road” ( Liang&Zhang,1930).  What’s more, standardized pavement, street planting, street lighting, sewage construction and garbage disposal are also referenced from the Nanjing plan. 

 

     

Section of the streets, “Material Construction Project for Tianjin Special Municipality City”, Liang Sicheng and ZhangRui,1930

 

 

Section of the streets, “City Plan of Nanking”, Henry K. Murphy,1929

Reference:

 “Material Construction Project for Tianjin Special Municipality City”, Liang Sicheng and ZhangRui,1930

 “City Plan of Nanking”, Henry K. Murphy,1929

 

 

 

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