Post Soviet Urbanism: Results of the Green Corridor Plan (1975)
In the 1980s, Ulaanbaatar was originally full of green areas, community-friendly courtyards and public parks. The underestimation of the population growth has rendered the incapacity of the Green Plan to handle the population growth, resulting to the gradual disappearance of large extents of green spaces without notice.
One of the examples is the Children’s Park, also regarded as the “Central Park” of Ulaanbaatar, which provided large green spaces for citizens to relax in the dense city. The large pedestrian-only park was demolished in the 1990s to make way for high rise buildings construction of accommodating the increasing number of people.
Under the prosperity of industrialization in the 1970s, there was large influx of people into the capital city in search of job opportunities and a better quality of life. The intention of the Green Corridor Plan for a public green corridor was still present (illustrated in the historical plan of 1987 Green Corridor Plan (1975)/Historical Plans of Ulaanbaatar (1911-1998)) despite scattered green areas and courtyards around the city were slowly torn down to residential and industrial buildings, taking away the remaining public spaces in the dense city that were essential to the local living quality.
“The Communists suppressed many old Mongolian traditions, forcing the country into the bland mold of the Communist block, with its gray buildings, standardized apartments, factories, and lack of individuality.”
Overall speaking, the Green Plan was successful in terms of introducing green open space into the city and the importance of public space, but was unable to sustain those spaces in the long run.
 “Post-Soviet Urbanism in Mongolia,” Polis, accessed December 19, 2018, https://www.thepolisblog.org/2009/06/post-soviet-urbanism-in-mongolia-by.html.
 Alexander C. Diener and Joshua Hagen, eds., From Socialist to Post-Socialist Cities: Cultural Politics of Architecture, Urban Planning, and Identity in Eurasia.(UK: Routledge, 2015), 100.
 “Post-Soviet Urbanism in Mongolia,” Polis.
 Jennifer L. Hanson, Nations in Transition: Mongolia (USA: Facts On File, 2004), 97.
Diener, Alexander C., and Joshua Hagen, eds. From Socialist to Post-Socialist Cities: Cultural Politics of Architecture, Urban Planning, and Identity in Eurasia. Association for the Study of Nationalities. UK: Routledge, 2015.
Hanson, Jennifer L. Nations in Transition: Mongolia. USA: Facts On File, 2004.
“Post-Soviet Urbanism in Mongolia.” Polis. Accessed December 19, 2018. https://www.thepolisblog.org/2009/06/post-soviet-urbanism-in-mongolia-by.html.
Ulaana. “Ulaana in Mongolia.” Children’s Park/Development. January 01, 1970. Accessed December 19, 2018. http://ulaanainmongolia.blogspot.com/2008/04/childrens-parkdevelopment.html.