Taipei (1996-2006)/ Community Environment Remodelling Scheme: 3-1 – An Overview of Taipei City Development and Governmental Planning Operations
The urban development of Taipei after Japanese rule in 1945 can be divided into three stages (Taiwan Institute of Urban Planning 2014, 11).
The first stage (1945-1979) starts from the termination of Japanese colonial rule, and the Chinese Nationalist Party gained control over Taiwan. The second stage (1980-1999) signifies the transition of Taiwan from a one-party military dictatorship dominated by the Nationalist party into a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system. This is the period that Taipei underwent the most rapid and greatest changes. It was also during this period that the mayor Chen Shui-bian proposed the Community Environment Remodelling Scheme. The third stage is when Taipei began to transform itself into a city very much emphasized innovation as a response to the rapid globalization.
The first planning commission in Taiwan, City Planning Commissions of Taipei, was established in Taipei in 1897. It was set up under the Governor’s office, abolished in 1910 and replaced by the City Planning Commissions of Taiwan Governor’s office, which was then the highest planning agency in charge of the examination and supervision of plan implementation at that time (Chen and Shin 2010, 120).
Traditionally the process of local planning in urban areas starts with two simultaneous operations. Once the government decided to make a plan for an area, it will be announced that all construction is prohibited for two years within the designated plan area. Meanwhile, a survey and analysis of the problems and needs of the site will be begun. The draft plan formed will then be converted into a formal statutory format by going through a set of lengthy scrutiny, approval and keeping on record procedures (Chen and Shin 2010, 116-118).
1. Chen, Lih-horng and Hung-Chin Shin. 2010. “Current planning mechanisms in Taiwan,” in Planning in Taiwan: Spatial planning in the twenty-first century, edited by Roger Bristow, 137-163. New York: Routledge.
2. Taiwan Institute of Urban Planning. 2014. Urban Evolution of Taipei. Taipei: Department of Urban Development, Taipei City Government.