Taipei (1996-2006)/ Community Environment Remodelling Scheme: 3-3 – Initiative of Community Environmental Remodelling Scheme
As a continuation of section 3-1, the first step to statutorize the draft plan from the government is to display it publicly and the news for the display has to be advertised in newspapers for at least thirty days to yield an opportunity for public representation. This is the one and only opportunity for any form of direct public participation during the plan making stage in Taiwan(Chen and Shin 2010, 116-118). The initiative of Community Environmental Remodelling Scheme undoubtedly opened an alternative to this tradition.
In Community Environmental Remodelling Scheme, the public could present their own plans to the city government which would then offer grants to enable implementation. Furthermore, by working with planning professionals and the public sector, community members could shape their ideas of environmental improvement. Between 1996 to 2006, 97 individual site projects had been completed.
As Community Environmental Remodelling Scheme is basically a means trying to involve the entire community in urban development, it fulfils the criteria of “participatory community planning” mentioned in section 3-2 (Ke 2009, 128). However, critics has pointed out a few maladies of the scheme (Peng, Luo and Lin 2010, 141). Some pinpointed the fact that the scheme was neither a long-term nor comprehensive plan and focused only on certain areas. In addition, responsibilities and plans amongst diverse public sectors and departments often overlapped, leading to resource wastage and an unequal resource distribution between departments and neighbourhoods. Success with such projects was variable.
Although the scheme encouraged public participation and strengthened general community awareness, it was always in line with the government’s wider socio-political objectives and get tied up with city polities (see section 3-5).
- Chen, Lih-horng and Hung-Chin Shin. 2010. “Current planning mechanisms in Taiwan,” in Planning in Taiwan: Spatial planning in the twenty-first century, edited by Roger Bristow, 137-163. New York: Routledge.
- Ke, Yu-Chang. 2009. “Issues and Prospects of Participatory Community Planning in Taiwan from the Viewpoint of Citizen Governance.” Journal of Taiwan land research Vol 12, No.1(May): 125-151.
- Peng, Kuang-hui, Yao-chi Luo, and Cheng-yi Lin. “Community Planning,” in Planning in Taiwan: Spatial planning in the twenty-first century, edited by Roger Bristow, 137-163. New York: Routledge, 2010.