Taipei (1996-2006)/ Community Environment Remodelling Scheme: 3-4 – A Parallel Study of Government Policies and Community Environmental Remodelling Scheme
One will notice the coherence between government policies and projects of the remodelling scheme, as mentioned in section 3-3, if one compares the themes and targets of both. While the remodelling scheme (1996- 2006) spanned across two stages of Taipei’s development (see section 3-1), the evolution of the remodelling scheme itself could be divided into three stages (Ke 2009, 130).
In the beginning a wide range of proposals with no definite common objectives were accepted by the remodeling scheme. The accepted proposals ranged from beautifying streetscapes, garden regeneration, ecological trails to traffic network improvement. Simultaneously, in 1996, the government issued the revised version of Taipei Comprehensive Development Proposal in which the key focus was sustainability. Government proposals during the same period could be briefly categorized into Urban renewal (e.g. Twatutia historical district regeneration project), Urban Development (e.g. Xinyi special district development)and Environmental issue (e.g. Keelung river straightening).
Later clearer themes were set up for the Community Environment Remodelling Scheme. In 2002, the theme of the schemewas ‘city entrance’ which aimed to improve the international image of Taipei. In 2003, the theme ‘street corner’ targeted at developing open space in front of public buildings. These themes all attempted to reshape Taipei as in international city. In fact, globalization has become a hot issue since 2000 and there was a series of reformations and democratic movements happening worldwide. Taipei government thus started to address Taipei’s development from a city-region perspective which tried to transform Taipei into a more competitive and international city. Government projects in this period shifted the focus onto cultural and technological issues (e.g. Huashan 1914 creative park and Neihu Technology Park).
After 2003, the remodelling scheme emphasized community building (社區總體營造) in view of quality living areas (生活圈) and districts (行政區). This echoed with government’s planning of this period which concentrated on software development such as the building of community awareness and cultural power.
The focus of projects under the 10-year Community Environment Remodelling Scheme changes in response to the alternation of mayor, and political and social situations in Taipei. Meanwhile, there is a noticeable increase in the variety of projects over years and the nature of projects shifts from infrastructure construction gradually to software construction.
- Ke, Yu-Chang. 2009. “Issues and Prospects of Participatory Community Planning in Taiwan from the Viewpoint of Citizen Governance.” Journal of Taiwan land research Vol 12, No.1(May): 125-151.