Zionism, the Driver of City Formation
In the late 19th century, Jewish people in Central and Eastern Europe started the Zionism movement, which aims to call Jewish people back to their homeland Israel and emphasis more on their national identity. Zionist pioneer Theodor Herzl suggested that the establishment of Israel state would help solve the problem of “Jewish affliction”, which was based on the perception of abnormal growing number of Jews in the diaspora as a dispersed nation without its own piece of claimed land, which is, their homeland.
At the early stage, the ideology consists of several divisions including Zionist socialism, which provokes equality, pioneering and cooperation. Zionist provokers attempted in transforming structure and values of Jewish society, especially against the traditional Jewish values, which later was proved to be a failure as lots of Jewish people were getting back to a traditional lifestyle. However, this centre of their ideology could be considered a production of modernisation, and Tel Aviv is a city that was built upon this ideology as one of their political background during the period of establishment and early development. Modernisation impact could be witnessed though the early city environment and building types, even in the sense of city planning as well.
Don-Yehiya, Eliezer. “Zionism in Retrospective.” Modern Judaism18, no. 3 (1998): 267-76. http://www.jstor.org.eproxy.lib.hku.hk/stable/1396702.
Harpaz, Nathan. “Zionist Architecture and Town Planning in the Early Twentieth Century.” In Zionist Architecture and Town Planning: The Building of Tel Aviv (1919 – 1929), 27-30. Purdue University Press, 2013. http://www.jstor.org.eproxy.lib.hku.hk/stable/j.ctt6wq4fm.7.