Istanbul / Bibliography
1. Karpat, Kemal Haşim, and Kemal H. Karpat. The Gecekondu: Rural migration and urbanization. Cambridge University Press, 1976.
This study investigates the migration and urbanization of the people of these settlements. It is based on personal interviews with people living in gecekondu in the northern hills of Istanbul. Special emphasis has been placed on the historical factors that undermined the traditional social structure in the third world and freed a large number of people for migration and resettlement, and also on the impact of the gecekondu upon the home villages. The author draws on several academic points of view – economics, political science, sociology, anthropology, history – and, himself a native Turk, brings a long acquaintance with that land and its people to this study of an institution whose importance has been largely unrecognized.
2. Akdogan, Gizem., Marwan. Ghandour, Claire. Cardinal-Pett, Hsain. Ilahiane, and Iowa State University. Architecture. Dealing with Rapid Development [electronic Resource]: Creation of the Informal Urban Economy and Gecekondu Housing in Istanbul.
This paper analyzes the spread of the informal economy and informal gecekondu housing in Istanbul by making connections to the outcomes of the political and economic shifts in the post-World War II period in Turkey.
3. Akpınar, Ipek. “Urbanization Represented in the Historical Peninsula: Turkification of Istanbul in the 1950s.” Mid-Century Modernism in Turkey, 2018, 56-84. doi:10.4324/9781315751849-4.
This chapter, focusing on the transfer of symbolic power from Ankara to Istanbul, introduces the radical transformation of Istanbul’s landscape by massive urban demolitions as well as a change of population by the migration in and out of the city turning the capital from a cosmopolitan center into a more homogenous and Turkish one. Based on official municipal publications on urbanisation, newspapers, a series of interviews with professionals who took a role or witnessed the decade, it aims at showing that Istanbul’s radical transformation was a convergence of different factors.
4. Gül, Murat. The Emergence of Modern Istanbul: Transformation and Modernisation of a City. Library of Modern Middle East Studies; 83. London; New York: New York: Tauris Academic Studies; Distributed in the USA by Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
The book unveils the dramatic transformation of Istanbul from a 18th century capital of the Ottoman Empire to the economic powerhouse of the Turkish Republic. The writed Gül Murat investigates and traces the impact of these changing policies on the very fabric of the city itself – in its streets, buildings, and landscapes – and in the process provides new insights into the history of Turkey.
5. Hofmann, Anna, Ayşe Öncü, and Caitlin Bass. History Takes Place: Istanbul: Dynamics of Urban Change. Berlin: Jovis, 2016.
This book seeks to open up a new perspective on Istanbul, not through narrative or typical images of East and West, but through a series of spontaneous shots. The reader is invited to rethink the relationship between the “historical past” and the “ethnographic present” and at the same time to see how “history” is always in the making in Istanbul.
6. John Lovering & Yigit Evren (2011) Urban Development and Planning in Istanbul, International Planning Studies, 16:1, 1-4, DOI: 1080/13563475.2011.552471
The papers gathered here focus on the transformation of the social and spatial structure that has been underway in Istanbul since the end of the last century. They offer a range of perspectives on the dynamics of what in English is called ‘Urban Regeneration’.
7. Okata, Junichiro, and Andre Sorensen. Megacities – Urban Form, Governance, and Sustainability. Springer Verlag, Japan, 2013.
This book examines how issues of megacity development, urban form, sustainability, and unsustainability are conceived, how governance processes are influenced by these ideas, and how these processes have in turn influenced outcomes on the ground, in some cases in transformative ways. Through 15 in-depth case studies by prominent researchers from around the world, this book examines the major challenges facing megacities today. The studies are organized around a shared set of concerns and questions about issues of sustainability, land development, urban governance, and urban form.
8. Yalcintan, Murat Cemal, and Adem Erdem Erbas. “Impacts of “Gecekondu” on the Electoral Geography of Istanbul.” International Labor and Working-Class History64 (2003). doi:10.1017/s0147547903000218.
This publication provides the reader with an overview of the tie between gecekondu and politics, together with these unsuccessful urban policies, allowed urban politics to establish in gecekondu areas before urban culture and economics.