Jerusalem – an introduction

 

Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world, which is also considered as the holy city for 3 major religions of – Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It is called to be the capital of both Israel and the Palestinian authority.

Jerusalem has been a center if power struggle due to its location as well as religious integrity over the history as it was destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times and captured and recaptured 44 times.

As is claimed by two authorities it is constantly under clashes between the Zionists and the Palestinian nationalists

Zionist or Zionism believed in the re-establishment of the Jewish homeland in their historic land of Israel where they resided for more than 3000yrs in history

They believed in the reclining their ancestral land which they were deprived of by several rulers who forbade them to go to their temples and homes

On the other hand, the Palestinian nationalists had the completely opposite viewpoint, whose aim was to regain sovereignty over Palestine
Initially being under the same ideologies as the other Arab nations of removal of Israel as a Jewish state detached themselves in later years

This conflict which has existed between the Zionist and the Palestinian nationalists the city of Jerusalem saw a lot of change in its urban form and development with a Major change occurring in 1949 which the implementation of armistice agreement where Jerusalem was divided into two parts – west Jerusalem and east Jerusalem
Where the west came under the possession of Israel and the East Jerusalem became a part of Jordan

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