East and West Jerusalem
One of the major role player during the planning of Jerusalem was the Wall that divided West and East Jerusalem. The wall was built after the war of independence fought by Israel in 1949, due to which the city of Jerusalem was divided into two parts with Eastern part being under the Jordan and the other under Israel. With this division, both the parts saw a very different outlook towards the planning of the city. Where in the western part-owned by Israel focused on giving the city back to jews and creating more Jewish settlements in the area and increasing the power status of the city with increasing commerce, building of important monuments and civil buildings etc. the Jordanian counterpart took a completely opposite stance of removing any kind of Jewish population from their holy city and trying to divert the power of the city . Both the sides of Jerusalem were marked with the remains of the wars it has incurred with barred and blocked windows, strict blocked complexes.
The Wall was built as a result of the Armistice Agreement of 1949 of Isreal with Jordan. There were other similar agreements which also took place around the same time with Egypt, Lebanon, and Syria. This Divison of the city not only had a major impact on the way the city of Jerusalem was being planned in two different ways but also had social, political and religious impacts.