The Kendall Plan
In 1964, Kendall drew up a scheme to relieve a cramped and debilitated Arab East Jerusalem. Adopted by the Jordanian government only in 1966, the plan acknowledged the need to extend the city’s boundaries to incorporate the developing neighbourhoods and villages lying along the Ramallah/Nablus-bound (northern) and Bethlehem/Hebron-bound (southern) routes, as well as to the villages to the immediate east of the city, through which the highway linking the city with Amman ran. (Affairs 2018)
Considerations of the plans were as such:
1. Consolidation of an Arab city in and around Jerusalem proper by linking all scattered Palestinian residential areas with one integrated planning area.
2. Single urban development scheme for the population centres lying between Bethlehem and Ramallah, with the Old City and existing municipal area at its centre.
3. 30,000 additional residential units were planned, while substantial areas within and around the city were to be reserved for later growth or protected as parkland or nature reserves.
4. With ring of industrial zones and a northern airport, the Kendall plan stood to boost the economic life of the city and return it to its rightful and historic status as the socio-economic hub of Palestinian life.
5. Within the Kendall plan, areas were also zoned for purposes such as agriculture and public institution.
While the plan incorporated the existing centrality of the Amman link to the east, it simultaneously presented a distinctly Palestinian view of Jerusalem’s future, acknowledging the importance of communication lines to the Jordanian capital, while drawing the outlying West Bank economy and infrastructure back into harmony with the Palestinian capital’s development.
However, the Kendall Plan was never adopted by the Jordanian government which was indented to be adopted on Eastern Jerusalem The Israeli army occupied the entire Jerusalem and West Bank unilaterally and illegally. (Affairs 2018)
Israel pressed a diametrically opposed vision of the city upon the Palestinian inhabitants and those of the surrounding villages, robbing them of the prospects enshrined in the 1966 Plan.
1. Instead of consolidating East Jerusalem as one contiguous city and upgrading its indigenous housing and socio-economic capacity as projected in Kendall’s Town Scheme, Israel’s extension and annexation of East Jerusalem excluded half of East Jerusalem’s suburb from Jerusalem. (Jong 2000)
2. Expropriation of land deprived Jerusalem’s Palestinian citizens of approximately 30 sq. km of territory capable of supporting at least 30,000 new dwellings, as well as vital commercial and industrial areas. (Jong 2000)
Affairs, Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International. 2018. “THE KENDALL TOWN SCHEME, 1966.” Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs Web site. Accessed November 20, 2018. http://www.passia.org/maps/view/58.
Jong, Jan de. 2000. “Institute of Palestinian Studies.” A Institute of Palestinian Studies Website. Accessed November 20, 2018. https://www.palestine-studies.org/jq/fulltext/78115.