The Urban Technical Service’s blueprint for Modern Cambodia
In 1950, the Urban Technical Service developed a plan that stated developments in order for modernization and the general improvement of living conditions for the steadily growing population in Phnom Penh. King Sihanouk oversaw the plan after Cambodia’s independence from France, with the plan laying out several goals and construction projects for the city, mainly in the realm of public infrastructure works as well as cultural, educational and administrative buildings.
One of the goals stated 315km of new roads to be constructed throughout the city, with 155km of macadamized roads and 160km or red soil roads. This as well as the ongoing improvement of rural roads prepared Phnom Penh for a motorized society that was very mobile. New markets at three different locations within the city: Docum Kor Market, O’Russey Markey, and the Olympic Stadium Markets. Modern Amenities were included as well – water purification plants, a hydroelectric power plant, and steam-generating plant provided services to larger residential complexes and civic buildings.
Between the 19th Century to the mid-20th Century, development of Phnom Penh was always focused towards the riverfront district. However, the Urban Technical Service’s blueprint meant that not only was the city center facing rapid development, peripheral areas such as Kampuchea-Vietnam, Anchar Hemcheay, Pokambor, Keo Mony, and Tuol Krok were to be developed as well. These peripheral areas were to be treated almost like satellite towns, being subservient to the main city center but existing as quasi-independent entities.
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Nippon Koei Company. THE STUDY ON REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHNOM PENH-SIHANOUKVILLE GROWTH CORRIDOR IN THE KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA. Japan. 2003