SEOUL / Walkability to Promote Image of a Democratic Government: Result of Government Act

With consistent effort of Seoul Government on improving pedestrian environment, there is a quite stable increase in public satisfaction towards it. Firstly, there was a sharp increase in the number of crosswalks in Seoul. According to a survey, the number of crosswalks rose from 19,380 in 2003 to 32,251 in 2013, a 66.4 percent increase. Also, the number of crosswalks per 1 km increased from 2.43 in 2003 to 3.94 in 2013.

5.1 Number of crosswalks in Seoul
Source: Seoul Metropolitan Government Homepage

Also, the total length of walkways in Seoul steadily increased from 2,375km in 2002 to 2,789km in 2011.

5.2 Change of Total Length of Walkways and Their Areas

Also, there are more designated children safety-zone and facilities installed for elders and disabled. As a result, there is a large decrease in percentage of pedestrian fatalities in car accidents. The number of pedestrians who died in traffic accidents peaked at 6,675 in 1991 falling to roughly half of that a decade later. Since then the number of fatalities has slowly gone to a total of 2,027 in 2012; a decrease of 69.6 percent when compared to 1991.

5.3 Pedestrian traffic fatalities
5.4 Changes in pedestrian traffic fatalities (1990-2012)

Secondly, various movements staged by civic organizations and changes in governmental transport policies have significantly affected Korea’s pedestrian environment and public satisfaction with it. Projects such as pedestrian-only streets is quite success with many different type of events taking places, such as a models showcasing runway walks, cultural festival, sport-events and also walkability promoting events.

5.5 Different types of event taking place on pedestrian-only street

According to a survey of around 600 Seoul residents first conducted in 1997 by the civic organization Networks for Green Transport, residents’ satisfaction with the pedestrian environment in Seoul marked as low as 3.48 on a scale of one to ten. However, the result gradually rose to 6.0 in 2010 and 6.2 in 2012.

5.6 Residents’ satisfaction with the pedestrian environment in Seoul
Source: Seoul Survey 2012, Seoul Metropolitan Government


“Car-free Street: People Ride Bicycles on Sejongno Street in …” Koreatimes. September 23, 2012. Accessed December 25, 2018.

Information Service. “Car-free Zone Expands in Downtown Seoul.” Gateway to Korea. December 01, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2018.

“Models Showcasing Runway Walks to Mark “Car-free Street Day”.” The Korea Bizwire. June 17, 2018. Accessed December 25, 2018.

Cho, Junhan, Seok Jeong, Eun-hee Kim, In-seok Kim, Sam-jin Lim, Myo-hee Myeong, and Ki-ok So. Edited by Sam-jin Lim. Report no. 18. THE KOREA TRANSPORT INSTITUTE.

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