Alternatives Solutions for Jakarta Traffic Congestion
The inefficiency, ineffectiveness, and the unreliable nature of the Jakarta public transport system has caused people to choose to own and use their private vehicles such as cars and motorcycles. Thus, there has been a rapid increase in the usage of private vehicle ownership that reached a staggering number. There have also been changes in the pattern of public transport system usage from using buses and other means of transport to private cars and motorcycles, causing a decline in the usage of the bus as a mode of transportation. This fact means that Jakarta’s traffic density will be increased and affect congestion and accidents on traffic.
Some proposals in order to overcome the Jakarta traffic congestion with its additional problems includes: the limitation and restriction on ownership of private vehicles and motorcycles, the limitation of usage through establishing Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) system, construction of the holistic planning of Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), operation of Bus Rapid Transport TransJakarta (BRT), establishing Megapolitan Transportation Authority and Integrated Border Bus Transportation facilities. This implementation of alternative options has to consider issues and problems that might or already came up, such as the lack of support and maintenance facilities, unsterile bus lanes, and poor implementation and execution of alternatives, as mentioned earlier. Megapolitan Authority and Electronic Road Pricing are still under review since it lacks statutory regulations from the government.
These problems might be able to be solved if there is an adequate political will of governments and parliaments to solve them. The government should not focus on their agenda, and all political decisions in the form of laws and regulations should consider the impact that it will give to the public. If government and parliaments are both willing to solve Jakarta’s traffic congestion and work in synergy, then this can be an exemplar for other cities to overcome the problem of traffic.
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