Revitalization Policy of Factories in Hong Kong 2009-2019 Political Perspective
Difficulties of realization in terms of policymaking
The standard of applicants is high and complicated. On the one hand, policy compensation can only have short-time influence that the further maintenance and operation is questioned. On the other hand, since the approach of conversion is strict with complicated requirement, some people argued that other developing opportunities will be prevented by the process.
Indeed, the revitalization process is slow and cannot meet the expectation. Researchers have argued that the short-term speculation brought by the policy help to increase the number of revitalized factories, while also brought new constrains to the city. The initiative is to revitalize the community to foster certain industries (cultural, creative, innovation, tech, social services, sports and reactional sectors), while the rising leasing price of buildings actually affect those groups in a negative way, forcing them moved out from the area with the poverty problem being not solved (Xian & Chen, 2015).
Studies/ efforts have been made for Kwun Tong urban renewal
Energizing Kowloon East Office (EKEO) was set up in 2012 by the government to promote the transformation of Kwun Tong from industrial zone to the next CBD (EKEO, 2012).
ADC Artspace was created by Hong Kong Arts Development Council (HKADC) at Po Shau Centre in Kwun Tong, which aims to provide total 4,700 square feet area for local artists and creative studios (ADCartspace, 2019).
Kwun Tong District Council collaborated with Kwun Tong Department and Renewal Task Force, as well as the students from the University of Hong Kong architectural students did The Renewal and Development of Kwun Tong Industrial District Study (HKU Faculty of Architecture, 2012). The reseach focused on the land-use condition of Kwun Tong and Kowloon Bay Area, studied the different development trends by analyzing the industry distribution, plans, building quality and building age (Kee, 2013).
The heritage value of industrial culture was also being noticed. Cultural and Development Consultancy collaborated with various organizations/ professionals to prepared Study on Industrial Heritage of Kowloon East and its Potential for Public Art/ Urban Design (EKEO, 2014)
One of the other important mention is the need of pedestrian walking environment promotion. Kwun Tong Pedestrian Network Improvement Research Report was conducted by Business, Economic and Public Policy Research Centre from Hong Kong Shue Yan University (2019).
ADCartspace, 2019. Po Shau Centre. [Online] Available at: https://www.artspace.hk/poshau-en/?lang=en [Accessed 17 Dec. 2019].
Business, Economic and Public Policy Research Centre (BEPP), Hong Kong Shue Yan University, 2019. Kwun Tong Pedestrian Network Improvement Research Report, Hong Kong: Kwun Tong District Council.
EKEO, 2012. Energizing Kowloon East Organizations: About EKEO Background. [Online] Available at: https://www.ekeo.gov.hk/en/about_ekeo/background.html [Accessed 10 Dec. 2019].
EKEO, 2014. Study on Industrial Heritage of Kowloon East and its Potential for Public Art/ Urban Design , Hong Kong: Energizing Kowloon East Office (EKEO), Development Bureau, HKSAR Government.
HKU Faculty of Architecture, 2012. The Renewal and Development of Kwun Tong Industrial District Study, Hong Kong: Kwun Tong District Council.
Kee, T., 2013. Urban revitalization of old industrial district in Hong Kong. Urban Environment Design, Issue 74, pp. 168-169.
Xian, S. & Chen, H., 2015. Revitalisation of industrial buildings in Hong Kong: New measures, new constraints?. Habitat International, Issue 47, pp. 298-306.