Development of Jabodetabek ( Jakarta, Depok, Bekasi, Serpong based o n Jakarta’s City Planning)
City Planning policy throughout history mostly conducted based on various urban development theories and is seen through the city as a whole.
Started from Garden City Movement in the 19th Century, the theory focuses on the harmonies between open spaces, industrial, and residential areas in urban regions, which all of them bound by the greenbelts.
CBD (Central Business District) emphasizes on a concentric theory in which the center of the city is located in the middle of the town, and social, economic, cultural political life, and in the zone with the highest accessibility.
Afterward, both of the theories are followed by The Sustainable development concept (the 1970s
), which focuses on the balance of urban’s aspects development; then Integrated Spatial and municipal space arrangement (the 1980s), which encourages the adequate open spaces for working activities.
The TOD theories (the 1990s) approach emphasizes on the mixed residential and commercial zones
alongside the railways and bus route. In addition to that, the smart city, which emphasizes on the green public transport planning emerged in the 2000s.
Based on the theories stated and JMR (Jakarta Metropolitan Region) development, the urban area’s rapid growth led to suburban areas development along with the improved infrastructure. Various integrated economic zones center has mushroomed after the urban renewal. The economic and business center attracted people to commute. At the same time, there lies the suburbs growth and maturation process. The new towns surrounding the suburbs become independent cities to achieve their inhabitants’ socio-economic needs. For example, Depok, Bekasi, Serpong, and Tangerang turns into Jakarta’s satellite cities to meet the socio-economic activities.
- Taki, Maatouk, Qurnfulah. (2017). Re-Assessing TOD index in Jakarta Metropolitan Region (JMR). Journal of Applied Geospatial Information, 1(1), 33.