MRT Jakarta to Improve the Environmental Condition of the City
Jakarta has been ranked as one of the cities with the most polluted air condition in the world, according to the air quality monitoring software companies (Airvisual), even exceeding Shanghai (China) or Karachi (Pakistan). The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) reported that air pollution has improved during rush hour on weekday. The bad air quality is the result of the high number of private vehicles. It will cause diverse health problems like cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems, other heart diseases and stroke, especially to the children and elderly. It will also be very dangerous to pregnant women. Several attempts have been done to overcome and improve the air quality in Jakarta, such as limiting the age of public transportation and privately owned vehicles, more control over the emission test and industrial chimney, and also the usage of the pollutant-absorbing plants.
MRT Jakarta reduced the fuel consumption that severely contributed to the deteriorating environmental condition. It also helps to persevere the environment and improve the health of the citizen. With many people starting to shift their mode of transportation from private cars to MRT, it will reduce congestion on the street, thus will reduce air pollution. By reducing traffic, the number of the pollutant will be reduced. This statement is already proven to be true by using the “Paris Intra-A86” area as the study model. The study was trying to reduce the car traffic between 20%-25% and promoting the electric vehicles which later result in the lower emission rate. The MRT from Lebak Bulus in South Jakarta to the Hotel Indonesia (HI) can reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide to 85,680 tons every year. Around 64,260 tons of carbon dioxide originates from motorbikes and 107,100 tons of carbon monoxide originate from cars.
Jakarta Post. “Airvisual: Jakarta Declared World’s Most Polluted City on Thursday Afternoon.” The Jakarta Post. Accessed December 9, 2019. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/08/08/airvisual-jakarta-declared-worlds-most-polluted-city-on-thursday-afternoon.html.
Kurmala, Azis, and Azizah Fitriyanti. “MRT Reduces Jakarta`s Air Pollution.” Antara News. ANTARA, February 25, 2019. https://en.antaranews.com/news/122436/mrt-reduces-jakartas-air-pollution.
Loury, Romain. “Reducing Car Traffic Could Be the Only Solution to Reduce Air Pollution.” www.euractiv.com. EURACTIV.com, July 17, 2019. https://www.euractiv.com/section/air-pollution/news/reducing-car-traffic-could-be-the-only-solution-to-reduce-air-pollution/.