1986 Shenzhen SEZ Masterplan
The 1986 Shenzhen SEZ masterplan was designed by China Academy of Urban Planning & Design. It was proposed as a part of the General Planning of Shenzhen SEZ, planning the SEZ for the next 14 years till 2000. The design started from 1984 and finalized in 1986. Compared to the 1982 master plan, the multicenter-cluster urban structure was further reassured and enhanced. Based on the three clusters mentioned in 1982 masterplan, a belt-shape spatial layout of five development clusters could be distinguished in 1986 masterplan. From the east to west, there are Nantou, Huaqiaocheng, Futian, Luohu and Shatoujiao. The clusters were designed to be separated by the natural landscape such as rivers, orchard or open spaces to avoid the unlimited expansion of the clusters.
Since the SEZ Region line (the second line) came into service from 1983, the planning area of the 1986 masterplan was also physically and spatially confined within the SEZ territory. Although the 1986 masterplan played a positive role in framing the base of the future urban form, the estimations of the population and industrial output growth were far more exceeded through the acceleration of industrial development after open-up. Due to the limitation of the second line, the land scarcity became a bottleneck for accommodating large-scale development in the future. This phenomenon had not been solved properly until the modification of planning in 1989 when the widespread land planning of overall Shenzhen city and development beyond the SEZ region (second line).
1.深圳市规划局，中国城市规划设计研究院. “深圳经济特区总体规划.” (1986).
2.Huang Luxin, Xie Yongqing.”The Plan-Led Urban Form: A Case Study of Shenzhen.” In 48th ISOCARP Congress. China: China Academy of Urban Planning&Design, 2012.陳可石, 楊瑞, and 劉冰冰.