Master Plan and Impact on Residents : Industrial development

Since 1949, the first development of Xi’an had started. The first master plan was based on industrial development. The first Master Plan of Xi’an has been dissolved during Cultural Revolution period, and urban development and construction was practiced for demands of individual functional departments. However, this development was the framework of the first master plan(1953).[1]

The First Master Plan of Xi’an[3]

The industrial development slowly occurred after the east-wet rail line reached the city in 1935, and it was diminished by the Sino-Japanese War(1937-45). However, based on rich resources buried under the Xi’an, beginning from the mid-1950s, Xi’an started to focus on the industrial development. The rapid increase of the development, the ground was largely dug and discovered.

From this development, Xi’an started to discover its heritage relics. In Lantian Country, 50km far from Xi’an, the Lantian Man was discovered in 1963. In 1953, The 6,500 year old Neolithic village, Banpo, was discovered. These discoveries became the base of the later master plans.[2]

What will be the main differences of Xi’an compare to other Chinese cities? The industrial based development is similar steps as other developing cities in China. However, the amount of historical relics buried under Xi’an, and the life style of residents on the heritage site make Xi’an extraordinary from the other cities in China.



[1] Chen, D. L., Wang, S. M., & Wen, J. Q. 2003. “西安市明城区保护展望 (Conservation Prospectives on the Ming City Area in Xi’an)”. Architectural Journal (建筑学报).pg. 2, 22-24

[2] Stark, Miriam T. April 15, 2008. “East Asian plant domestication”. Archaeology of Asia. pg. 77–95.

[3] XUPB. (1953). First Xi’an Master Planning (1953-1972). Xi’an: XUPB.

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