Countermeasure responding to air raids — contemporary housing during the wartime
Chongqing had been damaged by countless air raids during the war. The city and its citizens found ways to survive and reduce losses.
After houses were destroyed, residences used bamboos and planks to reconstruct the houses rapidly. Dense air raids made people familiar with this kind of reconstruction works.
However, the combustible materials were fire hazards, and the unplanned construction works made the street narrow and crowded. The government had to take measures to clean the roads, and set fire lanes and shanty towns to manage the contemporary buildings and keep the safety of the citizens.
Figure 1. Citizens reconstructed the houses by planks and bamboo after an air raid in 1940.
Qin Feng, Alternate Capital Chongqing 1938-1945 陪都重庆 大轰炸下的抗日意志 (Guangxi Normal University Press, 2015).