Mixed Land Use and Amenity Built Environment, Odaiba 3
In the late capitalist Japanese society, consumption spaces have become core features that have a significant influence on how cities are planned and redeveloped. Taking the Waterfront City of Odaiba as an example, it can be argued that while the mixed land use approach mentioned previously (see 2. Mixed Land Use and Amenity Environments) played a critical role in bringing back the vitality into the central part of Tokyo, it must be well balanced and well maintained.
With the absence of green spaces or sufficient number of parks leaves Tokyo in the dilemma as the city with insufficient amenities. The park area per capita for Tokyo is 37 m2 which is considerably fewer even for a densely populated city. Park areas also play an important role not only for the local residents but also acts as an attraction for foreigners, an aspect that is vital to the development of Odaiba.
One of the main reasons why Tokyo or even other Japanese cities generally lack sufficient green spaces or vast urban forests near or within the built-up areas is that all Japanese cities are typically surrounded by extremely expensive and intensely cultivated farmlands without large forests.
The general consensus argues that globalisation in culture has influenced the process of creating postmodern urban landscapes of leisure and tourism to an extreme extent, and that in order to create an even more balanced and sustainable amenity environment, a responsible and balanced approach of urban planning needs to be introduced to the general public in terms of overall design and diversity.
 Tokyo . My Town Concept Consultative Council. Tokyo Tomorrow : Report. TMG Municipal Library ; No. 17. Tokyo: Government, 1982. 113-115.