The Wild Growth of Chahua Area along Second Line
Chahua area 插花地 is a native Chinese term, referring to a general term for lands where are interlocking and lack of clear borders among different districts. They are formed with the formation, development and change of different districts with unique historical and social conditions like enclave land. Its existence has a negative influence on social stability, administrative management, economic and social development or people’s life.
Chahua area emerged in Shenzhen after the construction of Second Line Border. The area next to the border theoretically belongs to the Ministry of Public Security who takes charge of Customs and Frontier Patrols. However, when a borderline was set inside the city instead of next to the city, the administration of such an area may be confusing since the district government is supposed to take care of its territory. Such conflict causes an administrative vacuum. Without a clear boundary, people organically came there and built their own houses out of the control of land policy. Dirty and messy, crowded with low-income people, Chahua Area always gives the public such a bad impression.
There are several Chahua Areas around Buji, Meilin and Luohu. Residents can always find an excuse for their land ownership to escape from the fortune of demolition or ask a high price for their compensation. The government cannot compromise with local residents so Chahua Area issue kept unsolved till recent years when the Second Line was abandoned. Lots of signs saying “Ramp Danger, Keep Off” can be seen along the villages, which is typical for Chahua Area Village because of the typography concern of the site choice of Second Line so most of them are located along mountain side. For example, for Chahua Area in Louhu, the shantytown transformation project here started in 2016 after the regulation came out for the compension of demolition of Chahua Area residents in Louhu.
With the completion of the demolition of Second Line Border, more and more Chahua Area will be released for well-planned urban development. What will be the next stage of the previous Chahua Area? Is a modern block the best choice for this place with lots of old memories? Whether the answer is yes or not, it’s good to see that this tough issue could be solved.
- The transformation of Chahua Area along Second Line in Shenzhen Luohu 深圳罗湖棚改全面施工 “二线插花地”正华丽转身. SEZ Daily深圳特区报，2017-9-22.
- The shantytown transformation projects in Chahua Area challenge the designers’ use of law thinking深圳“二线插花地”棚改考量决策者法治思维. Accessed from: http://www.sohu.com/a/139577428_104151
- Wang Ting王婷. The Research of shantytown transformation based on the idea of humanism, a case study of Chahua Area in Luohu基于以人为本理念的城市棚户区改造研究——以深圳罗湖“二线插花地”改造为例. The 14th CUPD Congress. 2019
- Yang Bin杨斌. The research of Chahua Area in Sichuan GuizhouRegion from Ming Dynasty 明清以来川（含渝）黔交界地区插花地研究. Southwest University. 2011