Bibliography # 3 [Theoretical Anatomy – Contemporary Evolution of the Garden City] From Garden City to Eco-urbanism: The quest for sustainable neighborhood development

Sharifi, Ayyoob. “From Garden City to Eco-urbanism: The quest for sustainable neighborhood development.” Sustainable Cities and Society 20 (2016): 1-16.


Neighborhood scaled ideals of urban planning have surfaced and risen since the 1900s.  The main movements were the Garden City, Neighborhood Unit, Modernism, Neo-Traditionalism and Eco-planning.

This article analyses each of these individually, showcasing how the principles keep broadening and building atop each other over time, becoming more about sustainability as the concerns of the public shifted from comfort and quality of life to climate change.

What the author was able to investigate is how even if the ideology has concerns that could change the status quo, market influence sets the goals of these movements back, revising the objective of the experimental towns. There has not been enough push when it comes to social issues such as income imbalance and what it leads to when it comes to housing, even when the possibility of building diverse and inclusive communities had already been in the some of the ideas of the movements discussed in this paper.

What is concluded is that sustainability, whether environmental, economic or social, is only achieved when the context of the site of the new cities is considered, rather than taking a standard to repeat in different locations.

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