Important Information Extracted from Chengdu City Masterplan (2011-2020)
By comparing the last edition of Chengdu City Master Plan published in 1999 and by analyzing the official response for Chengdu City Master Plan (2011-2020) from the State Council, a few conclusions can be drawn.
1. The expansion of Chengdu’s urban influence on the national scale.
As mentioned in the planning masterplan (2011-2020), the Designated Function of Chengdu City is defined as the political, economic, and cultural center of Sichuan Province; the financial center, science, and technology center, and information hub in the western region; an important tourist center city in the country.
The new development position of Chengdu has jumped out of the range of Sichuan Province and Southwestern district of China and starts to have more impact in the larger China west and even in the country.
2. The expansion of Chengdu’s urban administrative and planning area
The new regulated urban administrative and planning area includes the original 9 districts within the central city area, two prefectures including Shuangliu, Guoxian, and two towns, Puxing and Jinhua in Xinjin Prefecture, which covers the area of 3753 square kilometers. Although the area is only 493 square kilometers larger than the 3260 square kilometers of the previous edition of the master plan, the two urban spatial development pattern in the two periods is quite different.
In the last edition, most of the cities and towns around the central city existed in the form of independent counties and independent towns. However, over ten years’ development, the surrounding towns have more or less integrated with the central city and each in terms of public facility and service integration. Also, the delineation of Tianfu New District requires more coordinated and unified urban and rural planning and management.
3. The district control over urban expansion
The central city of Chengdu has increased in scale rapidly for the last decade. The development of the Tianfu New District has alleviated the conflicts between population and functions. However, the area of construction land in 1999 had already exceeded the area limit of 248 square kilometers regulated in 2020, and the population has doubled as well. The monocentric development mode would inevitably face potential urban problems like traffic congestion and the deterioration of the living environment, etc.
Thus, on the one hand, it is necessary to adjust and optimize the economic structure and control the disorderly expansion of the city. On the other hand, Chengdu’s abundant arable land resources must be preserved to protect the natural habitats.
Chengdu Institute of Planning & Design. “Chengdu City Master Plan (1995-2020) Text.” Yuanchuangli Document. Chengdu Planning And Natural Resources Public Platform. Accessed January 1, 2020. https://max.book118.com/html/2019/0212/5341221030002011.shtm
Chengdu Institute of Planning & Design. “Chengdu City Master Plan (2011-2020) Text.” Baidu Wenku. Chengdu Planning And Natural Resources Public Platform. Accessed January 1, 2020. https://wenku.baidu.com/view/a6fc435af46527d3240ce045.html
The State Council. “Reply from the State Council on the Urban Master Plan of Chengdu （国务院关于成都市城市总体规划的批复）.” Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China Government Information Disclosure Column. Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China , December 4, 2015. http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2015-12/04/content_10384.htm