The 17 islets of Jakarta Bay Reclamation is already recorded in the 2014 Detailed Spatial Plans and Zoning Regulations for 2030. Further details of the plan still remained to be discussed, which is carried out in the 2015 Draft Plan. …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse IV: Corruption and Stagnation (2015-2017) Read more »

It was unavoidable to take over the rights of properties from the original owners of the targeted land and readjust the shape of land parcels when the government was going to build the roads and bridges and develop the southern …

Pre-88 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Part V: Land Readjustment Program – the Win-win Solution for the Government and the Landowners Read more »

Activist, Experts, and Government Within the Jakarta Bay Reclamation discourse, there are some NGOs that have popped up here and there, notably: The Indonesian Forum for Environment (WALHI), People’s Coalition for Fisheries Justice (KIARA), and Save Jakarta Bay Coalition (KSTJ). …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse III: Roles of the Activists Read more »

The Central Government (President and Ministry), Provincial Government, Developers, Experts Following the issuance of the 1995 Presidential Decree, the first policy dispute emerged in 2003 when the Ministry of Environment issued a decree titled “Inadequacy of the North Coast Reclamation …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse II: Rising Ecological Concerns Read more »

Bridges are built for overcoming the geographical constraints of the transportation of people and goods. Cities grow and expand throughout time and bridges are indivisible from the process of city formation and affecting its potential growth and outcomes. However, bridges …

Pre-88 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Part IV: Bridges and Expressways – ‘The world to Seoul, Seoul into the World’ Read more »

CHAPTER FOUR – FLOOD WAR As the finale of this series, discussion of environmental impacts and design implementation of the two contemporary projects The Jakarta Urgent Flood Mitigation Project (JUFMP) and The Giant Sea Wall Project (GSW) is debated. Contested …

Mapping Jakarta, Giant Sea World: Chapter Four (Finale) – Flood War (JUFMP vs GSW) Read more »

Farrell to Groves, “Cable CAX 51813,” cable. 10 September 1945, RG 77, Tinian Files, April-December 1945, box 17, Envelope B, The National Security Archive, Washington, D.C. https://nsarchive.gwu.edu/dc.html?doc=3913569-Cable-CAX-51813-from-USS-Teton-to-Commander-in In September 1945, around a month after the dropping of the bomb, the …

Initial Observations by General Ferrell (Sep 1945) Read more »

Prior to the war, the U.S. had little intelligence regarding the urban and industrial composition of Japan. Mobilizing geographers and cartographers across the country, in a few years, they were able to build up a database of thousands of maps, …

OSS Map of Japanese Industry by Prefecture (1945) Read more »

  Heping Comprehensive District (currently Heping Administrative District), located in the center of Tianjin City, is the center of the city’s politics, finance, commerce and trade, covering an area of 10.01 square kilometers, has a population of 498,000 people at …

H#2 Tianjin1986 urban district and coastal region planning project Read more »

Measuring the development of China’s polycentric cities from the perspective of urban centre and amenties based on the functional and morphological polycentricity of individual city with multiple urban centre, it identified with the typology of urban areas in China. The …

B#5 Polycentric urban development and urban amenities: Evidence from Chinese cities Read more »

”You have so much wasteland between the port and the city, which is a great advantage. I think you have great potential, you can be bolder and develop faster.” ”你們在港口和城市間有這麼多荒地,這是一個很大的優勢,我看你們潛力很大,可以膽子大點,發展快點。” “History of Tianjin Binhai New Area” is the first book …

B#4 天津滨海新区史话 Read more »

CHAPTER THREE – MAPPING FLOOD Closing this series, an analytical comparison of all three ‘conflict’ (Over-urbanization, land subsidence, and flood) is explored with the aim to understand interrelations between them: Urbanization, land subsidence, and the flood are analyzed through map …

Mapping Jakarta, Giant Sea World: Chapter Three – Flood Read more »

Jamsil, the former small island was transformed into a part of the urban region through massive reclamation since 1971. As the government tried to balance the level of urban development between two sides of the Han River and Jamsil was …

Pre-88 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Part III: North-south Migration and the Changing Cityscape Read more »