2nd and 3rd Long-Term Plan: Urban Issues, Decentralization and Transportation

The 2nd long-term version is published in 1987, and the 3rd version is in 1991, by Tokyo Metropolitan Government. The 3rd long-term plan is based on the 2nd plan, and tried to tackle the remaining urban problems and plan for the future.

The major urban problems before 1987 are traffic congestion, imbalances use of land, vulnerability to disasters and citizen health. When it comes to 1990s, the condition of Traffic congestion becomes worsen with an increase in motor vehicle traffic; the Japanese asset price bubble ( “bubble economy”) contribute to the severe soaring land prices; the rate of elders in population has been raised, which reveals the coming of aging society; the importance of environmental protection attracts attention so as to create a sustainable future in 21st century. [3]

The goals guidelines of the 2nd long-term plan are “Secure metropolitan living”, “Active metropolitan living” and “Hometown metropolis”. [1] While the new aims in the 3rd plan are “Secure and livable metropolis”, “Vibrant metropolis” and also “Hometown metropolis”. [2] The 2nd plan more focuses on the urban structure, nevertheless, the 3rd one begins to pay attention to the living experience of citizens, which are more cater to the topic “My Town Tokyo”.

3rd Long-term Plan for the Tokyo Metropolis (outline) : “My Town Tokyo,” for the Dawn of the 21st Century. TMG Municipal Library ; No. 25. Tokyo: Tokyo Metropolitan Govt., 1991.

In terms of decentralization, the 2nd plan begins to disperse the business, commercial, cultural and other functions from the central business district to subcenters. In the 3rd plan, the central area will remain some international and cultural functions in management, finance and information, which could show the World City identity of Tokyo Metropolis. [4] Subcenters will gain more distinctive functions of service, commerce and culture for each area. Besides, the new progress in the 3rd plan is that there will be more housing supply throughout the Metropolis, not merely in the western suburban areas, to make Tokyo into a city with a good balance between work and living. The structure of Tokyo will be changed from the present overly concentrated center to a multipolar but balanced planning.

Tokyo . 都市計画局. 相談情報課. 東京の都市づくり = Planning of Tokyo, 1985. 東京: 東京都都市計画局, 1985.
Tokyo . Seikatsu Bunkakyoku, and Saimaru Intānashonaru. A Hundred Years of Tokyo City Planning. TMG Municipal Library ; No. 28. Tokyo, Japan: Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 1994.

In the 2nd plan, there are planned railway around the emerging subcenters to connect the vital transfer stations. [3] In the 3rd plan, there are more planned railway extend from the major transport network to disperse the overflow conditions and connect the Tama and waterfront subcenters. [4]

 

 

[1] 2nd Long-term Plan for the Tokyo Metropolis : “my Town Tokyo” : A New Evolution toward the 21st Century. TMG Municipal Library ; No. 22. Tokyo: Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 1987.

[2] 3rd Long-term Plan for the Tokyo Metropolis (outline) : “My Town Tokyo,” for the Dawn of the 21st Century. TMG Municipal Library ; No. 25. Tokyo: Tokyo Metropolitan Govt., 1991.

[3] Tokyo . Bureau of Citizens Cultural Affairs. Liaison Protocol Section. Plain Talk about Tokyo : The Administration of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. 3rd ed. TMG Municipal Library ; No. 15. Tokyo]: Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 1987.

[4] Tokyo . Bureau of Citizens Cultural Affairs. Liaison Protocol Section. Plain Talk about Tokyo : The Administration of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. 4th ed. Tokyo: TMG, 1991.

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3 Comments on “2nd and 3rd Long-Term Plan: Urban Issues, Decentralization and Transportation

  1. By comparing the second and third version, it’s interesting to see a change of focus from constructing an international metropolis to constructing a “hometown metropolis”. The great ambitions were replaced by more humanistic slogans and tender concern with residents themselves. I’m wondering the reasons of this transformation, and I believe it was resulted from economics, politics, environments and many other factors. It also brings to my mind the development from colonist modernism to regionalism. Is it as well a response to the globalization? Besides, the tendency of decentralization is well demonstrated in the documents, showing a solution to big city problems both in Tokyo and other parts of the world, which is vivid to me.

  2. Jia continues this excellent observation of Tokyo’s shift from an international to an intimately liveable city. From gaining acclaim as a global city that has a highly enhanced emphasis on technological innovation and infrastructure development, it’s absolutely interesting to study this shift to a “hometown” with highly localized attributes.

    If the political slogans and socially-attuned policies play a big role in how the city is being developed, I wonder if language plays a big role in this politicized messaging. Would “Japan Times” be the media that propagates the role of the urban and political leadership internationally? What would the domestic Japanese media say about these new roles and directions? The availability of Japanese sources and oppositional sources would shed more light on this exploration.

    Note: most of the maps need to be enlarged to be read, and sometimes they need to be translated. Can the WordPress enlargement function be used?

    • Thank you for your valuable comment! Actually I also found the transformation of the urban concept from “World City” to “My Hometown” is quite interesting. And from the new historical documents I have found these days, the main focus of Tokyo Metropolitan Government has experienced three stages: “Internationalization” to “My Town Tokyo” to ” My Town Tokyo(but livable globally)”. The policies evolved in the three versions of long-term plans reveal the transformation. I will discuss more in Historical Documents blogs.

      The Japan Times is an English-language daily newspaper published in Japan for those Japanese who could read English to discuss the current international news and events. Most of the editors and authors are writing with international backgrounds, and the major of readers are of the elite class. Therefore the contents may tend to be conveyed from international perspective(And I criticized in one of my Historical Document blogs that the respondents of the survey conducted from The Japan Times are lacking views from laypersons). So now I am looking for more local newspapers in Japanese-language. Unfortunately now I could only find Asashi News. Other sources cannot be free accessible outside Japan(or HKU has no cooperation with these databases for student access). I will try if I could find more sources.

      By the way I have reuploaded the maps into full size in WordPress. Is it clear enough to read?

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