Current Trends of Urban Development in Yangon City and Its Implications on The Environment

Yangon, the former capital city of Myanmar and its main gate-way to the world, has been considered as the most suitable location for the majority of non-agricultural activities in Myanmar in the last decade. In the past few years, Yangon has through a phase of rapid constructional development.


Planned Urban Expansion after 1988.

This article has discussed the growth of Yangon over its previous administrative boundaries, and in tremendous changes of land use under this development. Also, there are more and more environmental problems and shortages in the provision with infrastructure led by the land use changes.

Township Population Density.

As the negative effects of spontaneous land use pattern such as insufficient land use and damage of the natural resources along with the urban environmental problems of the mega-size urban area hardly can be overcome after arising, they are thus to be minimized in advance by a for the sighted concept of an efficient framework for land utilization pattern of future urban expansion in the Yangon City. 

Urban Densification (1993 onwards).

This city has a higher population density due to more accessible and positive economic situations than other areas. Due to the increase in population and urban-expansion policy of the government, there were significant environmental changes, especially in land use during the period from 1988 to 2005.



Moe, San San. “Current Trends of Urban Development in Yangon City and Its Implications on The Environment” GMSARN International Journal 3 (2009) 179 – 186.

DHSHD and UNDP. 1993. “Yangon City Structure Plan” Yangon City and Regional Development Project Phase II; project report of DHSHD, Yangon, Myanmar.



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