Narrative5: Coordinated development of Binhai New Area and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

From an inward perspective, Binhai New Area is an urban area. From an outward perspective, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration where the Binhai New Area is located is one of the most important areas for new urbanization in China. The central government has put forward national strategies such as the “One Belt and One Road” and the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. The coordinated development plan conforms to the objective laws of urban and regional development and pays more attention to the important role of coastal areas. The spatial structure of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region can be summarized as “one axis and three belts”, with Beijing, Langfang, and Wuqing to the central city of Tianjin and then to the Binhai New Area as the “one axis”, initially forming a big city belt and high-tech corridor. The “first belt” in the “three belts” refers to the northern mountainous areas, including counties in the north of Beijing, Jixian County of Tianjin, Zhangjiakou, and Chengde. It has a lot of historical heritage and focuses on protecting the natural environment and developing tourism and leisure industries. “Second Belt” refers to the piedmont plain, including Beijing, Tianjin, Shijiazhuang, Baoding, Tangshan and other large urban dense areas, where population and industries need to be relieved. The “Third Belt” refers to the coastal zone, including coastal areas such as Tianjin Binhai New Area, Hebei Caofeidian, Hebei Huanghua, and Hebei Qinhuangdao. The coastline is more than 500 kilometres long, and the land area is about 20,000 square kilometres, accounting for 10% of the 220,000 square kilometres in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. There are many beaches and wastelands along the coast that can be used in this area. There is a lot of room for development. It is the main area to undertake the tasks of industrial transfer, population decompression, and urban development. The “Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Coordinated Development Planning Outline” puts forward a planning structure of “one core, two cities, three axes, four districts, and multiple nodes”. One of the “four districts” is clearly the eastern coastal development zone, which is Tianjin Binhai New Area and Hebei Caofeidian, Huanghua and other coastal areas, which we call the Dabinhai New Area.

Judging from the current development situation, the eastern coastal development zone will become the fastest-growing frontier area in China in the new era. Tianjin Binhai New Area will lead the eastern coastal development zone and drive the overall rapid development of the entire Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and even the Bohai Area. At the regional level, it is not so much the Binhai New Area of Tianjin as it is the Binhai New Area of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region. Under this pattern of the regional division of labour and cooperation, Binhai New Area will find a clearer positioning.

Reference

吴良镛,京津冀地区城乡空间发展规划研究. 北京:清华大学出版社.2002

周剑. 天津市滨海新区功能定位研究[D].兰州大学,2009.

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2020-2021

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