[Report] End-of-Project Report of JCDS: The Next Stage for the Giant Seawall Project

After a series of major flood events that occurred in Jakarta, this heightened the worries of experts and citizens of the increasingly larger and more frequent floods. The immediacy of the flooding threat led the government to turn to international development agencies, water engineers, and technical consultants to quicken the search for a flood response. With this, the Indonesian government formed a partnership with the Netherlands Partners for Water, a coordinating body of private non-profit agencies, in searching for solutions for the future coastal defense of the city.


In forming the consortium, the Jakarta Coastal Development Strategy study focusing on the region was carried from October 2010 and September 2011, with it bringing to the conclusion that the rapid urbanization compounded with the uncontrolled excessive extraction of groundwater has led to continuous land subsidence. As warned by the End-of-Project Report of the study, areas in North Jakarta would soon be four to five meters below sea level (see fig. 1). Thus, in light of the dire situation, the report proposed the massive infrastructural project, which would then be the Jakarta Coastal Defense Strategy (JCDS).

Fig. 1 End-of-Project Report of Jakarta Coastal Development Strategy

However, the proposal had failed to inspire or gain traction, with many factors, including its high cost and environmental destructiveness, making it highly unpopular and contested amongst the citizens. While the plan would have the private sector act as the major stakeholder and contributor to the project, it would be the Dutch Water Sector that would primarily gain the most (Wade, 2018)[1]. Furthermore, the cost for the plan went far beyond the city budget, with even more skepticism about the capacity of the city to fund the project. Thus, only through integrating the plan into the much larger master plan of the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development (NCICD) project would the plan continue, a megaproject that would combine the seawall from JCDS with the real estate development into the NCICD plan.



[1] NL Agency Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment. Jakarta Coastal Defense Strategy End-Of-Project Review: Final Mission Report. The Hague: Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, 2012. (Jakarta Coastal Development Strategy End-Of-Project Review Final …)



[1] Wade, Matt. “Hyper-planning Jakarta: The Great Garuda and planning the global spectacle.” Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 40, no. 1 (2018). http://doi:10.1111/sjtg.12262

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