Sintusingha, Sidh, and Morteza Mirgholami. ‘Parallel modernization and self-colonization: Urban evolution and practices in Bangkok and Tehran.’ Cities 30, 2013, 122-32 This article gave a historical background of how Thailand was being influenced by western countries and how it showed …

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Dovey, K. (2001). Memory, Democracy and Urban Space: Bangkok’s ‘Path to Democracy’. Journal of Urban Design, 6(3), 265-282. This article described the urban development in the later stage after Siamese Revolution 1932, which reflected the power had been handed over …

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  Brian Mcgrath. (2014). War, Trade and Desire: Urban Design and the Counter Public Spheres of Bangkok. Footprint, 7(1), 75-90.   The article talked about because of the commercialism in Thailand, Bangkok was more connected to the World Trade Market. …

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Navapan, Nattika. “Absolute monarchy and the development of Bangkok’s urban spaces.” Planning Perspectives 29, no. 1 (2013): 1-24. doi:10.1080/02665433.2013.802125. This journal explained how the power of the absolute ruler had control in the Thai government, and how he had influenced the urban …

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  Sturm, Andreas (2006) The king’s nation: A study of the emergence and development of nation and nationalism in Thailand. PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). This article detailedly introduced the process of changing political system in Thailand …

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The photo shows Rama V, who is also named as the King Chulalongkorn.

Looking back at the history of Thailand, the political system had been going through significant transformations in different stages of time. Due to the occurrence of key historical events, new ideas were brought in and the government had been greatly …

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