Bibliography Burchardt, Marian, and Irene Becci. 2013. Introduction: Religion Takes Place: Producing Urban Locality. In Topographies of Faith: Religion in Urban Spaces, ed. Irene Becci, Marian Burchardt, and Jose Casanova. Leiden: Brill. Maxim, Sarah Heminway. 1992. Resemblance in External Appearance: …

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Before the British took over Yangon, the political and economic structure of Burma had been greatly dependent on Buddhism. The monarchs held the executive and judicial power in Burma, while the Buddhist monks were mostly ministries.Buddhism at that time was …

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Place identity refers to the meaning entitled by a place. It is often related to the inhabitants’ sense of belonging and attachment to a place. Therefore, this concept is also showing the citizens’ sense of security within the community (Ware …

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Buddhism has long been a dominating power in the minds of Burmese. There is a saying that “to be Burman is to be Buddhist” (Steinberg 2010, 32), showing the prominence of Buddhism in Burmese community. During the colonial era in …

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