Beijing

“During the famous controversial debate in the early 1950s on the urban planning of Beijing, centering on issues such as whether to preserve or to reconstruct, to rebuild the original city centre or to disperse city centers, I see divergent positions from different social roles. Politicians, engineers and architects, due to different knowledge they have received and distinct concerns according to their professions, did not share the same mind yet could not avoid cooperation.”

– Zhu Yuge, “Beijing (1950s) Politicians vs. Architects,” 2014

Narratives


The Battle between Tradition v.s Modernism: Da wuding | Part 4

Wong Hang Chi

Throughout the 1950s Liang Sicheng’s architecture advices and proposals was rejected again and again, other than his stand on preserving the entire old city which in return received backlash on his opposition to the party’s ideologies and advances, da wuding was also one of the topic that ignite heated debates in the period as China ...

The “Imported” Classicist formula: Beijing’s search for national form in 1949 | Part 1

Wong Hang Chi

Shortly after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the country formed an alliance with the Soviet Union. During the period  they allied, China invited thousands of Soviet technicians, engineers, architects, planners and scholars to help reconstruct the country by establishing an advisory program with the goal to accelerate the country’s industrialization ...

The Failure of the Liang Chen Scheme and the Old City’s renewal | Part 5

Wong Hang Chi

Through all the sections discussed, perhaps it is also important to discuss the reasons behind the constant rejections of his schemes in relationship to the new regime China has established. Despite the many accomplishments and inventions of ancient China, the Chinese lacked a systematic recorded history in the Western manner and therefore had little useful ...

Liang Sicheng’s Proposal on Preserving the City Wall | Part 3

Wong Hang Chi

Both Liang Sicheng and Chen Zhanxiang were two prominent figures that called for preserving Beijing’s city walls. In their joint proposal they stated:  “The city walls are artistic , historical ornaments on the city’s facade… an excellent park can be built on the flat tops of the walls, where people may relax by taking strolls or ...

Preservation v.s Demolition: The Fall of the City Wall | Part 2

Wong Hang Chi

Walled enclosures were among the most basic features of the traditional Chinese landscape. Not only do they physically bound various kinds of spaces such as cities, villages, gardens, temples and houses, they also symbolize the manner of classification in an ordered Chinese environment. Historically, the symbolism and function of the city wall went through various ...

V. The Second Five-year Plan: A blessing or a curse on urban development? 1.2 / Beijing (1958-)

Jessy Yau

If you have ever known little about contemporary Chinese history, no one would be dared to say the Three Red Banner campaign was successful. The last blog has discussed the benefits of the urban communes, but the initiation was just the tip of the iceberg. First, since universal education was not implemented, children did not have ...

IV. The Second Five-year Plan: A blessing or a curse on urban development? 1.1 / Beijing (1958-)

Jessy Yau

In the second five-year plan since 1958, there were new types of industrial departments appeared in Beijing, metallurgical industry, non-ferrous metal industry, electrical engineering laboratory, vehicle industry, chemical industry, heat, and electricity factory and mechanical factory (Beijing’s Daily, 1991, 6). The plan was replaced by the significant driving force of the Three red banners: Great Leap ...

Historical Documents


The Battle between Tradition v.s Modernism: Da wuding | Part 4

Wong Hang Chi

Liang Sicheng’s Proposal on Preserving the City Wall | Part 3

Wong Hang Chi

Preservation v.s Demolition: The Fall of the City Wall | Part 2

Wong Hang Chi

V. Historical documents / The Great Leap Forward and People’s Commune: View of types of production factories in 1959 / Beijing

Jessy Yau

IV. Historical documents / Visions of Second five year plan to the Great Leap Forward / Beijing (1953-1958)

Jessy Yau

III. Historical documents / Urban planning in 1958 / Beijing

Jessy Yau

II. Historical documents / The urgency of the overall urban planning / Beijing (1953-1954)

Jessy Yau

Beijing (1949-1954) / IV. Urban Axis: Preservation or Revolution

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / II. Westward Shift of New Urban Centre: Establishing a City or a Central Administration Zone

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / V. Distribution of the State Organs in the Old Part of Beijing at the Beginning of the Founding of New China

Xu Ben

Beijing(1949-1954) / IV. Letters from Liang Sicheng to Nie Rongzhen and Zhou Enlai

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / III. The Key Points in the Draft Plan for Renovation and Expansion of Beijing

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / II. Soviet Experts Helped Us to Correct the Thinking of Architectural Design

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / I. Building the people’s new Beiping!

Xu Ben

I. Historical documents / Announcements and records of transformation of the City

Jessy Yau

Beijing (1950s) / Beijing’s inner and outer city wall

Kelly T.C. Tsoi

Beijing (1950s) / Single-Centre Blueprint

Yuge Zhu

Beijing (1950s) / One City Centre or More

Yuge Zhu

Beijing / Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin – The Old Town (Documentary Video)

Kelly T.C. Tsoi

Beijing (1950s-1960s) / Overly emphasised formalism

Samantha T.L. Chan

Beijing 1960s / Old Inner City Wall

Samantha T.L. Chan

 

Bibliography


[Bibliography] Chang’an Avenue and the Modernization of Chinese Architecture

Wong Hang Chi

[Bibliography] The Architecture of Motherland (“祖國的建築 “)

Wong Hang Chi

[Bibliography] Remaking Chinese Urban Form: Modernity, Scarcity and Space, 1949-2005

Wong Hang Chi

[Bibliography] Chinese Architecture and the Beaux-Arts

Wong Hang Chi

[Bibliography] Beijing Record: A Physical and Political History of Planning Modern Beijing

Wong Hang Chi

V. Bibliography / Progress of the Three Red Banners: The Great Leap Forward and People’s Communes / Beijing

Jessy Yau

IV. Bibliography / Introduction of the industrial development / Beijing

Jessy Yau

III. Bibliography / A great contributor of Beijing’s urban planning in new China / Beijing

Jessy Yau

Beijing (1949-1954) / V. Big Compounds Developed into Enclaves

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / IV. Refining the Axis of Beijing: Revolution and Nostalgia in the Planning of the PRC Capital

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / III. Beijing under Socialism: Planning History and Its Role

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / II. Location Selection of National Administration Center in Beijing

Xu Ben

Beijing (1949-1954) / I. Interrelationship between Urban Planning and Development of Beijing from 1949-2004

Xu Ben

II. Bibliography / Policy and urban planning development archives / Beijing (1950s)

Jessy Yau

I. Bibliography/Policy of Beijing After Liberation/Beijing

Jessy Yau

Beijing (1950s)/ A Two-Center Beijing Under the Liang-Chen Proposal

Kelly T.C. Tsoi

Beijing (1950s) / Bibliography 2

Yuge Zhu

Beijing (1950s) / Bibliography

Yuge Zhu

Beijing / Bibliography

Kelly T.C. Tsoi

Beijing / Bibliography

Kelly T.C. Tsoi

Beijing / Bibliography

Kelly T.C. Tsoi

Beijing / Bibliography

Samantha T.L. Chan

Beijing / Bibliography

Samantha T.L. Chan

 

Abu Dhabi Amman | Ankara | Bangkok | Beijing | Chengdu | Chongqing | Datong | Delhi | Dhaka | Dubai | Hiroshima | Ho Chi Minh City | Hong Kong | Istanbul | Jakarta | Jerusalem | Jingdezhen | Kuala Lumpur | KolkataKyoto | Macau | Mumbai | Phnom Penh | Seoul | Shanghai | Shenzhen | Singapore | Taipei | Tashkent | Tehran | Tel Aviv | Tianjin | Tokyo | Ulaanbaatar | Xi’anYangon | Yerevan |