NUAs were supposedly planned with the notion of self-sustaining neighbourhood with abundant public facilities. This was explicitly stated in the law formulated upon the development of NUA. “…synchronised urban infrastructure (roads, electricity, water supply and drainage, information, housing, schools and …

15. Planned (but incomplete) public facilities – comparing public services in NUAs and old quarters Read more »

During the conversion period from traditional housing and previous communist-style collective housing to the modernist NUAs, people were especially skeptical on the high-rise type first introduced in Linh Dam, as Hanoians were used to living in low-rise apartments often fewer …

12. Old quarters and New Urban Area as residential zones – arguments and counter-arguments from the perspective of residents Read more »

This doctorate degree thesis summarised the urban organisation (and often self-organisation in bottom-up manner) throughout the history of Hanoi, from pre-colonial times to contemporary period. A dedicated part of the thesis investigated on the history of housing since Doi Moi, …

The Self-organizing City in Vietnam; Processes of Change and Transformation in Housing in Hanoi Read more »

  Thi-Thanh-Hien Pham and Danielle Labbé, Spatial Logic and the Distribution of Open and Green Public Spaces in Hanoi: Planning in a Dense and Rapidly Changing City. (Hanoi, Urban Policy Research, 2017).  In this paper, the provision of open and …

Spatial Logic and the Distribution of Open and Green Public Spaces in Hanoi: Planning in a Dense and Rapidly Changing City Read more »

Continuing from the previous post on social outcomes brought by the New Urban Area, Linh Dam and other NUAs were observed for their social homogeneity of their residents. Most of the residents, no matter living in different architectural forms of …

14. Mobility and affordability: another perspectives of social homogeneity of Linh Dam Read more »

After introducing the historical backgrounds and logic behind the planning of the Ancient Quarter and Linh Dam and consequentially the green spaces in the two areas, this part would compare the qualities of green spaces in the two areas with …

10. Comparison of green space planning of the Ancient Quarter and Linh Dam: Part II Read more »

The eventual outcome of hybrid residential quarter of Linh Dam comprises of roughly three categories of housing – the individual self-built low-density villas and row houses for top-class residents and the medium-density apartment condominium blocks for medium-wealth residents. This was …

13. Social stratification or homogenisation? The residential types and spaces in Linh Dam and its social implication Read more »

The urban fabric of the Ancient Quarter in Hanoi was greatly influenced by France during the French occupation from 1873 to 1951, neglecting the Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1942. The urban planning shows the featuring characteristics of Baron Haussmann’s …

9. Comparison of green space planning of the Ancient Quarter and Linh Dam: Part I Read more »

The modernist housing blocks in Linh are separated by public space on ground level, providing a tranquil environment away from the heart of Hanoi.

Situated in South of the central Hanoi, Linh Đàm was one of the first New Urban Areas (NUAs, khu do thi moi in Vietnamese) developed in Vietnam, after a series of land reforms following Doi Moi in 1986. It was …

5. A brief introduction to the history of Linh Đàm and New Urban Areas of Vietnam Read more »

PHÁP LỆNH NHÀ Ở 1991 (Ordinance on Housing 1991) http://www.moj.gov.vn/vbpq/Lists/Vn%20bn%20php%20lut/View_Detail.aspx?ItemID=11609 LUẬT ĐẤTĐAI 1993 (Land Law 1993) http://moj.gov.vn/vbpq/Lists/Vn%20bn%20php%20lut/View_Detail.aspx?ItemID=10810 In Vietnam’s closed socialist period before doi moi, private ownership of housing and land did not exist. Housing was seen as a social service that …

Legislating for Property Rights in the 1990s Read more »

BOOK: The Production of Space AUTHOR: Henri Lefebvre CHAPTERS: Contradictions of Space to Differential space Inspired by the theoretical application in the article of KTT studies, I read this classic reference to understand the theoretical side of the spatial construction by both …

Hanoi/ Theoretical reference: The Production of Space by Henri Lefebvre Read more »

Hernando de Soto’s work theorizes the emergence of extra-legality in the developing and former communist countries. He emphasizes the importance of legitimization of property rights in capital accumulation. Engaging with his work, I try to ground the understanding of Hanoi’s …

Theoretical Framework I_Hernando de Soto_The mystery of capital: why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else. Read more »