This journal article argues that spatially and historically sensitive geographical understandings of the island city, Macau are necessary for understanding its development and urban morphology.   The island city of Macau, part of China’s Pearl River Delta megacity region, has …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Historical Document V – Article on Macau’s Urban Fragmentation Read more »

The author provides a detailed history of Macau’s geographical, social, and economic development following years of dedicated research .It includes more than 1,000 maps and pictures of Macau and the region. This book is supported by the University of Macau …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Historical Document IV – Macau Through 500 Years Read more »

In Ljungstedt’s book, he claimed that the Portuguese had no rights in Macau according to his first hand observation. He is one of the rare European writers that held that view, being seen as the ‘traitor’ of the Portuguese.   …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Historical Document III – An Historical Sketch of the Portuguese Settlements in China from A Swedishs Perspective Read more »

  This map is one of the most detailed map drawn during the period. It is drawn by Portuguese. In the map, we see the growing interest in road networks, which is less prominent in earlier maps which focused at …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Historical Document II – Plan of Macau Peninsula, 1889 Read more »

This is a map drawn by Benjamin Baker, an Englishman, during 1796. The full title of the map is A Plan of the city and harbour of Macao : a colony of the Portugueze, situated at the southern extremity of …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Historical Document I – Plan of the City and Harbour of Macao, 1796 Read more »

Almost 150 year since the end of Amaral’s government, the “Macau Problem” still exists till contemporary times. Looking back into the details of policies imposed by the Portuguese towards the Chinese at that time, the author attempts to analyse the …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Bibliography V – Portuguese Policies Read more »

Cities are the new battleground of our increasingly urban world. From the slums of the global South to the wealthy financial centers of the West, Cities Under Siege traces the spread of political violence through the sites, spaces, infrastructure and …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Bibliography IV – Cities Under Siege Read more »

Written by Macau historian Ye Nong, this book investigates on topics about markets in Macau. As the population increased, some of the old markets of Macau were removed, relocated or replaced by newer markets. Through looking into various references, the …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Bibliography III – Macau Market Read more »

Macau’s status has never been a pacific topic even inside Portuguese histori-ography. The author is one of the first to discuss the construction of the discourse on the autonomy of Macau, identify the roots of this concept, and explore its …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Bibliography II – Macau Chronology Read more »

The author challenges the easy assumptions of the causal sequence: colonialism/postcolonialism, and opens up an interdisciplinary purview of a local instance in cross-cultural studies including politics, literature and architecture. With a judicious use of English, Chinese, and Portuguese sources. By …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s: Bibliography I – Macau the Cultural Janus Read more »

Thank you for your efforts and perseverance, The ancient Macau city has regained hope. Awe of your authority,  Bring peace and calm. Your wisdom, ideal and hard work, Brought shelter to Macau forever. Your virtue, Make your great name immortal.  …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s IV: The “Glorious Conquest” of a Tragic Hero Read more »

Although the street reformation and sea reclamation had greatly improved the organization and network system of Macau, there was a lack of awareness towards the development of greenery. The city was being commented that ‘it is a terrible and unpleasant …

The urbanization of Macau and its influence to the city in the mid to late 19th century 05: The development of greenery and its impacts Read more »

The expansion of the roads in the mid-19th century by the Portuguese government improved the network connection of Macau. However, the development of city was never planned in a holistic and organized manner. For example, in the villages, animals were grown …

The urbanization of Macau and its influence to the city in the mid to late 19th century 04: Zoning as an improvement to the urban development of Macau Read more »

Macau’s economy revived in the mid-19th century after a transformation of industry from intermediary trade to service-based economy, including gambling, smuggling, tourism and selling opium and labors. Lots of people immigrated to Macau, but the increasing population soon revealed the problem …

The urbanization of Macau and its influence to the city in the mid to late 19th century 03: Land reclamation and its influence Read more »

  It is no doubt that governor Amaral created an irreversible influence towards the urban development of Macau. In order to extend the cramped old city area, he ordered the construction of new roads up until the Barrier Gate, which …

The Battle of Sovereignty in early 1800s III: The “Ferocious Intruder” Who Dug Up His Own Grave Read more »

The markets in Macau were first established in the mid-18th century. They became one of the centers of the public’s activity. A market was beginning with the trading between the Chinese and the Portuguese. Stalls were set up along the streets …

The urbanization of Macau and its influence to the city in the mid to late 19th century 02: The significance of the markets in Macau Read more »

Macau was divided into two communities after the arrival of the Portuguese. The Portuguese were living in the center of Macau Peninsula, while the Chinese were resided in other region of Macau Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane.1 The residential district of …

The urbanization of Macau and its influence to the city in the mid to late 19th century 01: The expansion of the roads by the Portuguese Macau government Read more »

The architecture style and layout of the new campus for University if Macau represents the thought for a sustainable development pattern for future Macau. The overall planning of the campus is based on natural environmental resources and the idea of …

Macau (2009)/ The sustainable future campus – The testing ground Read more »

(upper) Global integration analysis (lower) Local integration analysis Here is the comparative mapping study of Macau Peninsula from 1834-2010. The maps showed the process of local grid intensification as well as the change in the global grid in Macau. From …

Macau/ 1834-2010 Urban integration comparative analysis of Macau Peninsula Read more »

Former Chief Executive of the Macau Special Administrative Region Edmund Ho expressed “The Central government would propose measures to ensure that the new campus would remain the significance of the University of Macau in the Hengqin development plan”[2]. The Central …

Macau (2009)/ The underground ruler – the central-controlled utilitarian facilities Read more »

The Chinese government has lunched the Hengqin development plan in ease to boost the development within the Pearl River Delta region. The aim of the project is to strengthen the economic bond between Zhuhai, Hong Kong and Macau. Macau as …

Macau (2009) / Viewing our living environment – the top-down scale and the bottom-up scale Read more »

The map shows both the geographical city form of Macau and Hengqin before reclamation took place. The map introduces the island-city quality of Macau and its relationship with Hengqin, who has comparatively abundant land resources. Pimentel, Mariana Cruz Vaz. 2012. …

Macau/ 1912 Map of Macau and the nearby Islands of Xiao Hengqin, Da Hengqin and Wanzai Read more »

Bibliography Barbosa, Paulo. “Macau Should Lead Hengqin’s Development.” MacauDailyTimes, March 16, 2015. Cartography and Cadastre Bureau (DSCC, Government of MSAR). “Knowledge > Geography > Statistics.” Accessed November 19, 2018. https://www.dscc.gov.mo/CHT/knowledge/geo_statistic.html “Cross-boundary Cooperative Development Plans.” in Planning Study on The Co-ordinated …

Macau/Bibliography Read more »