This book was one of the books in the collection of Shanghai history. This book contained various documents from the Shanghai concession time period. Since it is quite hard to find documents especially official documents that were produced in 1853-1863, …

上海公共租界史稿 (Shanghai Concession historical documents) Read more »

[近代区域暴动与城市变迁——以小刀会起义为个案] The journal analysis the effect of the small sword revolution to the urban structure of Shanghai in different perspectives, allow me to understand the Shanghai condition from 1854 to 1864 very clearly and all-rounded. The following will be discussed …

Revolution and the change of urban structure, small sword revolution as a case study Read more »

From the previous article, the reason and how the small sword revolution caused the end of foreigners and Chinese living in their own designated area has been discussed. In this article, the main focus will be how this phenomenon affects …

Influences resulted from 華洋雜居 (End of foreigners and Chinese living in their own designated area) Read more »

Xue Xiao Rong, professor of Nanjing politics University had mentioned in the conference commemorating 160 years since the Small Sword Revolution – the revolution that led Shanghai into a different structure of urban development.[1]  The difference was clear, the concession …

Emergence of 華洋雜居 (End of foreigners and Chinese living in their own designated area) Read more »

[ 小刀会起义对上海英租界土地交易的影响(1854—1859 ]   From the title of the journal, we can see that it will be a very detailed article, showing the direct relationship between small sword revolution and land trading. The author only investigates on how the price …

The influence of small sword revolution to the land trading in Shanghai Read more »

吴友如. 点石斋画报. 广州: 广东人民出版社, 1983. http://www.qijieshuzhai001.com/?p=5915.   This illustration shows the wooden terrace near Yangjingbang   This illustration shows the construction of Shikumen   The Dianshizhai Pictorial is the earliest ten-day pictorial in China. It is attached to Shanghai Shenbao with …

[Historical Document 4] Dwelling illustrations on Dianshizhai Pictorial Read more »

Personal collect. Land Certificate 执业田单.  https://www.997788.com/16170/search_586_68934462.html Cai, Yutian. Title Deeds 上海地契.  Shanghai: Shanghai historical document Press, 2003.   1855 Traditional Land Certificate of Shanghai 1855 Title Deed of Shanghai Concession   Above are two kinds of documents that prove ethe …

[Historical Document 3] Land Certificate 执业田单 and Title Deeds 道契 Read more »

Hen-fung. Proclamation by the lieutenant-governor. North-China Herald. Shanghai,Jan 20th, 1855. Jan 20th, 1855  North-China Herald 1855 Proclamation by the lieutenant-governor   (North-China Herald) Also known as “North China Herald Weekly”  is first English language newspaper. Founded in Aug. 3, 1850, …

[Historical Document 2] Jan 20th, 1855 North-China Herald and Hen-fung Notice Read more »

1854 Shanghai Land Regulations, China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House, 1854.   First Page of the Land Regulation “查照條約,就上海地勢民情前,經議定洋涇濱以北,李家廠以南地基租給英商建房居住。茲將所宜遵行者由本道會同管事官酌議數條開列於後。” “According to the treaty and base on the circumstance of Shanghai, it was agreed that the north of Yangjingbin and the …

[Historical Document 1] 1854 Land Regulation Read more »

Shanghai Luwan District CPC Committee Party History Research Office. 老话上海法租界. Shanghai:Shanghai People Press, 1994.     The book is written by a research office of the district while it used to be the concession. The chapters are independently described elements …

[Bibliography 5] Book: Talking about the French concession in Shanghai 老话上海法租界 Read more »

Luo, Suwen. 大上海-石库门:寻常人家. Shanghai: Shanghai People Press, 1991     This book illustrates the specific architectural style in Shanghai – Shikumen. Base on-time development. It not only describes the characteristics of shikumen in a different period but also how social …

[Bibliography 4] Book: Big Shanghai – Shikumen: the ordinary family 大上海-石库门:寻常人家 Read more »

Charles B. Maybon, Jean Fredet. 上海法租界史.Translated by Ni Jinglan. Shanghai:  Shanghai translation Press, 1983.     This book is another book written by foreigners from the colonial countries besides <the capital of tycoon>. But this book is more like a …

[Bibliography 3] Book: The history of French concession in Shanghai 上海法租界史 Read more »

Lu, Hanchao. “‘上海土地章程’研究”. 上海史研究. 1st ed.,100-145. Shanghai: Xuelin Press.     This article is a comprehensive analysis of land regulation in Shanghai. Through the study of the land regulation evolution and research the fundamental reason that it could generate, we …

[Bibliography 2] Book Chapter: The analysis of Land Regulation in Shanghai “上海土地章程”研究 Read more »

The cliff growth of refugees in the concession caused by the Small Sword revolution not only motivated the dwellings’ transformation(discussed in Narrative 4), but also made the infrastructure and multiple facilities more completed. Compared to the dirty small suburb looked …

[Narrative 5] Infrastructure and facilities Development — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession Read more »

Besides the land transaction (Narrative 3),, the dwellings’ transformation also maximizes benefit purpose under the supply-demand imbalance caused by the revolution. The western villa after 1843 in the concession brought the multi-purpose housing idea. The wooden terrace during 1853-1854 was …

[Narrative 4] Dwellings transformation — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession Read more »

As mentioned in the introduction, the small sword revolution brought a number of refugees to the Shanghai Concession with the need for settlements. Foreign merchants discovered the large profit by land and house rental. Meanwhile, the 1854 Land Regulation authorized …

[Narrative 3] The Land transaction in the Concession — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession  Read more »

Foreigners took advantage of the time that the local government was busy fighting against the rebels and didn’t have timer to spare for the right of land. During the war, the land ownership of the concession was gradually shifted to …

[Narrative 2] The Land Regulation and expansion of the Concession — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession Read more »

The Small Sword Revolution can be considered a failed revolution that is usually neglected in history. However, it acted as a catalyst of housing development in the Shanghai concession districts, which greatly accelerated the wider urbanization of Shanghai as a …

[Narrative 1] Intro: Political contest and urban development — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession Read more »

Rutherford Alcock was a British diplomatist. He was appointed to be the Consul in Shanghai in 1847 and left in 1854. His tenure covered the Small-Sword Society Rebellion and the release of 1854 Shanghai Land Regulation. Originally published in 1863, …

The Capital of the Tycoon / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion on the French Concession Read more »