Heping Comprehensive District (currently Heping Administrative District), located in the center of Tianjin City, is the center of the city’s politics, finance, commerce and trade, covering an area of 10.01 square kilometers, has a population of 498,000 people at …

H#2 Tianjin1986 urban district and coastal region planning project Read more »

Measuring the development of China’s polycentric cities from the perspective of urban centre and amenties based on the functional and morphological polycentricity of individual city with multiple urban centre, it identified with the typology of urban areas in China. The …

B#5 Polycentric urban development and urban amenities: Evidence from Chinese cities Read more »

”You have so much wasteland between the port and the city, which is a great advantage. I think you have great potential, you can be bolder and develop faster.” ”你們在港口和城市間有這麼多荒地,這是一個很大的優勢,我看你們潛力很大,可以膽子大點,發展快點。” “History of Tianjin Binhai New Area” is the first book …

B#4 天津滨海新区史话 Read more »

H#4 国务院批转《全国城市规划工作会议纪要》 In 1980 15th of may, The National Urban Planning Work Conference was held in Beijing by the National Infrastructure Commission of the People’s Republic of China. The Planning Law of the People’s Republic of China was drafted that …

H#4 国务院批转《全国城市规划工作会议纪要》 Read more »

《行香子》 鹼地荒難,百載鹽田。打魚船,舢板揚帆。現今開闢,創改從前。快四十年,天地變,換新顏。 企業無煙,技術尖端。幹得歡,產品翻番。緊連帶路,外貿非凡。再創新天,民康富,喜心間。 夏雲鴻 (原天津市塘沽區政協副主席) 天津改革開放口述史(2018) Xia Yunhong was the former vice-chairman of the Political Consultative Conference of Tanggu District, Tianjin. In the book Oral History of Tianjin’s Reform and Opening-up, he wrote 4 poems describing the progress made in …

Historical Document V – People contributed in the development of Tanggu Read more »

From an inward perspective, Binhai New Area is an urban area. From an outward perspective, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration where the Binhai New Area is located is one of the most important areas for new urbanization in China. The central …

Narrative5: Coordinated development of Binhai New Area and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region Read more »

Japanese Concession (1937-1945) These two plans developed by the North China Construction Administration during the Japanese concession period of 1937 to 1945. This project initiated expanding the Central District boundary to the east coast, starting the process of Tanggu development …

Historical Document IV – Official Maps including Tanggu from 1939-1988 Read more »

Binhai area comprises three urban districts next to Bohai Bay and along Hahei River, including Tanggu, Hangu, Dagang, covering an area of around 2,300 sq. km. Under the ambitions of 1986 Tianjin Urban Planning Project, industrial development moved to Binhai …

Narrative II – Tanggu: A coastal land of potentials [Detail Planning of Tanggu in 1988] Read more »

Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party published by Renmin Ribao

N#2 Tianjin TEDA of hope Previous narrative:N#1 Tianjin before Reform and opening up The reform and open-door policy of China began with the adoption of a new economic development strategy at the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee …

N#2 Tianjin TEDA of hope Read more »

Summon and rebel against the bourgeoisie. Proletariat that was represented by the president Mao.

N#1 Tianjin before Reform and opening up Before 1978, China was devastated by the cultural revolution, on both societal and economical aspects. Because of a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976 Launched by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the …

N#1 Tianjin before Reform and opening up Read more »

The study summarised the process of city planning between 1986-1949 and analysed how the concession period has impacted the evolution and development of Tianjin. It includes the city planning in 5 stages: i) concession expansion and street network construction (1860-1902);  …

Bibliography III – A Study on the History of Tianjin Early-Modern City Planning Read more »

“Tanggu District Chronicles” includes all major events in Tanggu’s history, including political, economic, military, and cultural events, important figures, natural features, and social customs. It plays the important role of “governance, education, and preservation of history” to provide a historical …

Bibliography IV – Tanggu District Chronicles 塘沽區志 Read more »

This book is a compile of short articles written by the people who experience Reform and Open up in Tianjin. Some of them are government officials, engineer, and planners. Some are ordinary residents of the city. There are stories of …

Bibliography II – Oral History of Tianjin’s Reform and Opening up 天津改革開放口述史 Read more »

As Tanggu became one of the focuses in the 1986 Tianjin Urban Planning Project, while TEDA was to be developed in this region. It is important to know what this piece of land was in the past. 《行香子》 鹼地荒難,百載鹽田。打魚船,舢板揚帆。現今開闢,創改從前。快四十年,天地變,換新顏。 企業無煙,技術尖端。幹得歡,產品翻番。緊連帶路,外貿非凡。再創新天,民康富,喜心間。 …

Narrative III – Tanggu: A coastal land of potentials [Timeline of Tanggu development] Read more »

Transforming Tanggu area to be an important section in Tianjin was a proposal raised by the North China Construction Administration under the Japanese ruling. The nature of the city of Tanggu was defined as a “water and land transportation hub …

Narrative V – Tanggu: A coastal land of potentials [Comparison of Tanggu plan in 1986 by Chinese government and its plan in 1939 by Japanese] Read more »

A collection of major urban plans for Tianjin city approved and legalised by the State Council, including the Central District and Binhai Area (Tanggu, Hanggu and Dagang).   Bibliography 天津市城市規劃志編纂委員會. 天津市城市規劃志. 天津市地方志叢書. 天津: 天津科學技朮出版社, 1994.

Tianjin experienced a series of events that hindered new development until Reform and Opening-up. During the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976 in China, Urban planning was seen as a product of capitalism and people held a belief that it …

Narrative I – Tanggu: A coastal land of potentials [Proposition of Tanggu in 1986 Tianjin Urban Planning Project] Read more »

From the perspective of a world city, this book draws lessons from international experience and studies the strategic positioning, regional functions and spatial distribution, coordination and cooperation mechanism, and other urban development issues comprehensively. It advocates that “building a world …

Bibliography 5:Coordinated development of Binhai New Area and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region Read more »

The master plan of 1986 proposed the urban layout structure of “One pole picks two ends” (一条扁担挑两头). Industrial land shifted eastward, and the development of coastal areas is essential. The coastal area is based on Tanggu City and the port, …

History Document 5:  The Function Transformation of Binhai New Area Read more »

The urban development of the Binhai New Area follows the principle of “One city, multiple corridors, multiple points”. “One city” means Binhai New Area, and “one city with multiple corridors and multiple points” constitutes the spatial art framework of Binhai …

History Document 4:Tianjin Binhai New Area as an urban area Read more »

朱力,潘哲,徐会夫,刘成哲.从“一主、一副”到“双城、双港”——《天津市空间发展战略研究》的空间解答[J].城市规划,2009,33(04):35-40. This paper analyzes the shortcomings of Tianjin’s existing spatial guidance ideas and the problems existing in Tianjin’s spatial accumulation under the new situation of one axis and two cores, and puts forward the spatial development strategy of “two cities and two …

Bibliography 3. Problems of the Urban Layout of  “One Pole Picks Two Ends” Read more »