The historical images above showed the large areas of green spaces in Ulaanbaatar under the Green Corridor Plan (1975) which were absent in current Ulaanbaatar as they were torn down for modern high-rise buildings. References: Gunbold, B. …

Green Corridor Plan (1975)/Historical images of green areas in Ulaanbaatar Read more »

In the 1980s, Ulaanbaatar was originally full of green areas, community-friendly courtyards and public parks[1]. The underestimation of the population growth[2] has rendered the incapacity of the Green Plan to handle the population growth, resulting to the gradual disappearance of …

Post Soviet Urbanism: Results of the Green Corridor Plan (1975) Read more »

The mind map summarizes the key happenings of ger districts in terms of urban form in relation to urban planning and land reform. It illustrates the transition of the ger districts from a traditional informal settlement to a permanent housing …

Green Corridor Plan (1975)/Key aspects of urban planning and land reform of ger districts Read more »

Land in Mongolia is a valuable resource given that over 80% of its land (156 million hectares) are pastureland[1]. Historically, Mongols did not have the concept of private land ownership for specific land areas[2]. There was mutual recognition on particular locations …

Green Corridor Plan (1975): Land Policy in Ulaanbaatar Read more »

The Green Corridor Plan (1975) illustrated the vision of Ulaanbaatar as a thriving city centre with adequate public spaces that balances the dense high-rise buildings. The incapability of foreseeing the population growth had created a huge obstacle in the organization …

Green Corridor Plan (1975): Densification as the future for Ulaanbaatar? Read more »

Mongolians have had a long tradition of herding since the 16th century. Their pastoral life under harsh conditions had trained their resilience that are core qualities to the Mongolian nomadic culture[1]. The nomadic culture was challenged in the early 1900s …

The Green Corridor Plan (1975): Nomads No More? Read more »

The above historical maps illustrated the change of urban form in Ulaanbatar over 87 years. They also reflects the effect of the urban master plans by Russian scholars of the “Giprogor”, a national planning institute in Moscow in terms of …

Green Corridor Plan (1975)/Historical Plans of Ulaanbaatar (1911-1998) Read more »

The table above listed out the purpose and main feature of each master plan of Ulaanbaatar since 1954. The series of master plans were revisions of their chornological predecessor as they corrected mistakes from the previous plan and adjusted according …

Green Corridor Plan (1975)/Master Plans I-V of Ulaanbaatar (1954-2002) Read more »

The Green Corridor Plan in 1975 was designed for multi-reasons. From the aspect of urban planning, it was used as a tool to countercheck urban sprawl.[1] Currently, 40% of the three million population of Ulaanbaatar concentrated in the city. The …

Possibilities of Re-adoption of the Green Corridor Plan (1975) in the Future Read more »

Back to the 1950s, Mongolia had started industrialization with assistance from the USSR and China. The constructions of industrial infrastructure and dwelling apartments concentrated in Ulaanbaatar. The USSR helped with the construction of felt-rolling mills, water supply plants, leather-processing factories, …

Obstructions towards the Execution of the Green Corridor Plan (1975) from the 1960s to 1970s Read more »

Before the 1920s, there was no urban planning or urban formation in Mongolia. Ger settlements and non-sedentary lifestyle scattered over the large prairie of land. After becoming a unitary sovereign socialist state in 1924, Mongolia became a satellite state of …

Important Institutions and Figure Participating in Formulating the Green Corridor Plan (1975) Read more »

The urban formation of Ulaanbaatar has a close relationship with the process of industrialization. The development plan was a capital’s city investment planning which most industrialization occurs in Ulaanbaatar.[1] After Ulaanbaatar had started industrialization in the 1950s, demands for public …

Ambitions of the Mongolian Government: Realization of Industrialization and Urbanization of Mongolia through the Green Corridor Plan (1975) Read more »

  City Beautiful Movement is an urban planning ideology to increase the quality of life and maintain social order through introducing beautifications and monuments.  Among all, McMillan Plan is best to illustrate the ideology.   National Mall is a monumental Washington …

Ideologies on the Green Corridor Plan (1975): the City Beautiful Movement Read more »

  Soviet Helps Mongolia Shed Feudalism (Source: New York Times, December 14, 1974.)    Mongolia was a Soviet Satellite.  From the New York Times issued in 1974, the Mongolians was looking to Soviet Union for the military support and economic …

Ambitions of the USSR government on Ulaanbaatar Read more »

In order to establish socialist material and technical base in the People’s Republic of Mongolia, it is required to raise the welfare of the workers in the ideology and culture of socialism in socialism. To achieve this, all adults should …

Modernisation of Ulaanbaatar: Westernisation as a way of Urbanisation Read more »

Green corridor in Ulaanbaatar (Source from Ulaanbaatar National Archives) The Master plan of Ulaanbaatar in the 1975 was proposed by the “Giprogor”, the Institute in Russia. The plan aimed to limit the expansion of urban population. (JICA and MRTCUD, 2009) …

1975 Ulaanbaatar Plan: The Green Corridor Read more »

The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State Juergensmeyer, Mark University of California Press. 2016:115-123 The article discusses the relationship between Buddhism and Mongolia. It traces the downfall of Buddhism and related architecture and temple since the early …

The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State Read more »

Munkhnaran, Bazarkhand, Chinbat, Gantulga National University of Mongolia, School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Geography International Journal of Science and Research The journal explores the relationship between green belts and urbanization in Ulaanbaatar. Inspired by Ebenezer Howards’s Garden City, …

Green Belt Zoning for Ulaanbaatar City Read more »

Since the 1960s, the growing Ulaanbaatar has attracted population from rural areas to migrate to the capital for better job opportunities and living conditions. Population rose tremendously over the years and was especially obvious during the post 1990s when Mongolian …

Modernizing the City: Social Exclusion Caused by Urbanization and Issue of Identity (1990-2000) Read more »

Mongolian Statistical Yearbook 2002 Mongolia, N. S. (2003) Ulaanbaatar   The yearbook is the official report and documentation of statistics changes throughout years of events happened in Ulaanbaatar, including counts of livestock and all the datum reflecting the real condition …

National statistics of various conditions in Ulaanbaatar Read more »