On December 31, 1982, the Urban Redevelopment Act was revised, and the existing Redevelopment Project was divided into Urban Redevelopment Project and Housing Improvement Redevelopment Project, and the Land Development Corporation was newly designated as the implementer of the redevelopment …

1988 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Urban Redevelopment Act on Jamsil Read more »

Socially, the upper and lower classes and economically, the wealthy and poor responded more favorably to the Seoul Olympic Games, feeling more pride and greater self-esteem. On the other hand, the young, Honam region residents, socially middle lower class and …

1988 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Modernisation, changes of democratisation under 1988 Olympic Read more »

With the 1988 Olympics, South Korean government officials and business leaders argued that the country had achieved the dream of entering the top echelon of nation-states. In reality, however, Seoul was the only part of South Korea with access to …

1988 Olympic / 1976-1986 / How Olympic Redevelopment Erased South Korea’s Past Read more »

Seoul Olympic Park was built by the Seoul Metropolitan Government to host the 88 Seoul Olympics. Around Mongchon Toseong, the former Hanseong Baekje Kingdom, sports facilities such as a racecourse, weightlifting stadium, and gymnastics stadium, and public facilities such as …

1988 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Excavation of Mongchontoseong Fortress Read more »

Chang’an Avenue and the Modernization of Chinese Architecture written by Shuishan Yu, the book analysis the relationship between art and ideology in modern China and provides a deep study on the structure of the Chinese modernization project by providing a …

[Bibliography] Chang’an Avenue and the Modernization of Chinese Architecture Read more »

The Architecture of Motherland written by Liang Sicheng in 1954, describes his views on ancient Chinese architecture and ways to preserve the cultural heritage. Throughout the book, Liang Chen emphasize on the historical value and significance of ancient Chinese architecture …

[Bibliography] The Architecture of Motherland (“祖國的建築 “) Read more »

Written by Lu Duanfang, Remaking Chinese Urban Form provides an analysis of how Chinese society constructed itself through the making and remaking of its built environment. The author shows that as China’s quest for modernity created a never ending scarcity …

[Bibliography] Remaking Chinese Urban Form: Modernity, Scarcity and Space, 1949-2005 Read more »

This book talks about how transport infrastructure has been developed in Seoul and how they provided planning implications for three cities: Jakarta, Manila, and Ho Chi Minh City. In the chapters about Seoul, it introduces the reasons leading to the …

Pre-88 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Developing Transport Infrastructure in Seoul Read more »

This research clarifies the arrangement plan of the Seoul Olympic sports facilities and the development and expansion of infrastructure related to the Olympic Games. The 1988 Seoul Olympic Games was an international sports event that showcased the high economic growth …

Pre-88 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Plans of the Olympic Facilities and the Road Network Read more »

Special Thanks to Vahe Karaelian for his generous help in the translation process! I have only chosen to translate the full chapter of  “City planning Project of Yerevan” in the Russian magazine Architecture Of Leningrad  that was published in the 1938 …

V. Soviet’s perspective of Tamanyan’s City Planning_ Translation Read more »

The translation of this piece of document was made possible under the extremely kind help of Santhosh Sivan and his fellow friends! From this official documentation, we could see the construction procedure, establishment of new building regulations and various other …

IV. Armenian’s Official Documentation of Tamanyan’s City Planning _Full Translation Read more »

Scientific research on the materiality of Armenian Buildings: Akopov, Andranik S, Beklaryan, Levon A, and Saghatelyan, Armen K. “Agent-based Modelling of Interactions between Air Pollutants and Greenery Using a Case Study of Yerevan, Armenia.” Environmental Modelling & Software : With …

III. Documentations to Support the Argument- Scientific Research, Photo Documentation and Government Documents Read more »

Urban Space in Political context: Parkes, Stuart. 2015. “Power And Architecture: The Construction Of Capitals And The Politics Of Space”. Journal Of Contemporary European Studies 23 (1): 156-157. doi:10.1080/14782804.2014.1002316. Vale, Lawrence.“Capital Architecture and National Identity.” In Power and Architecture: The Construction …

II. Theories about Urban Space Read more »

Understanding the political situation of Armenia around the early 1900s from the western scholar point of view: Jones, Stephen. “The Establishment of Soviet Power in Transcaucasia: The Case of Georgia 1921-1928.” Soviet Studies 40, no. 4 (1988): 616-39. Accessed January 5, …

I. Understanding the political context of Armenia around 1880s-1950s Read more »

Expounds on the role of Chugoku Shimbun, the local newspaper company of Hiroshima, in reporting the atomic bomb incident and reconstruction process that follows. Also covers the creation of Hiroshima Peace Media Centre, which is a platform for all news …

The view from under the mushroom cloud: The Chugoku Shimbun newspaper and the Hiroshima Peace Media Center Read more »

About influence of General Headquarters (GHQ) occupation in Hiroshima from 1945-1952, and how it affects the government and city plan. Spector, Ronald H, 2005. “After hiroshima: Allied military occupations and the fate of japan’s empire, 1945-1947”. The Journal of Military History, 69(4), …

After hiroshima: Allied military occupations and the fate of japan’s empire, 1945-1947 Read more »

About portrayal of Hiroshima Peace Memorial City through different media, including foreign perception. Discuss how to critically view the representation of Hiroshima as a “peace” symbol Hein, Carola, 2019. “Scales and Perspectives of Resilience: The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and …

Scales and Perspectives of Resilience: The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Tange’s Peace Memorial Read more »

As explored extensively throughout the narratives, the Master Plan for the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development project (NCICD) was drawn up between the Indonesian government and Dutch engineering and consultancy companies, with further support from the Dutch government during the …

[Report] Social Justice at Bay: Looking at Dutch Involvement in NCICD // Maarten Bakker, Satoko Kishimoto, and Christa Nooy Read more »

Before becoming a national project in efforts of revitalizing its waterfront area, Jakarta Bay had been seen as the service backyard of the city, being a site of rundown harbor with abandoned warehouses and stilt houses standing on littered, swampy …

[Journal] Jakarta Bay, the Pioneer and the Last Frontier // Abidin Kusno Read more »

As Jakarta had to undertake the challenge of dealing with the ongoing flooding crisis for decades, it is only these recent years that mitigations measures planned could be implemented. Many of these measures involve the construction of large-scale water infrastructural …

[Journal] Navigating the Waters of Flood Mitigation in Jakarta // Emma Colven Read more »

With Jakarta under threat of sinking and flooding, this has led to the development of the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development (NCICD) project, which has been championed by the local government as the solution for the city. The project involves …

[Journal] Disaster Capitalism behind the Giant Seawall Megaproject? // Thanti Octavianti and Katrina Charles Read more »

Anies Baswedan took office as Jakarta’s Governor for the 2017-22 term after winning against the incumbent administration led by Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok). Following his electoral promise, he proceeded to stop all reclamation activities in Jakarta. The Jakarta Bay Reclamation …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse VI: For the Public, Who is the Public? [Part Two: Debate of Experts] Read more »

The Jakarta Bay Reclamation in general posed a clear environmental threat, as conducted from studies by experts. Yet, it still becomes a chosen solution for many urban issues in Jakarta.[1] Aside from ecological issues, political debates also question the actors …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse V: For the Public, Who is the Public? [Part One: Governor Electoral Debate] Read more »

ORIGINAL FULL TEXT The article investigates the failure of the Imperial City planning which leads to an unsolvable housing issue to New Delhi. It brings a drastic social disparity between the rich and the unprivileged people. It creates a phenomenon …

BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 | Planned Illegalities: Housing and the Failure of Planning in Delhi: 1947 – 2010 Read more »