Shams-ol-‘Emara Source: Mirza Mahmud Khan, Malek ol-Shu’ara, 1825/1869 Shams-ol-‘Emara was the first of a series of European-inspired buildings constructed by Maseroddin Shah within the Arg, which was the Royal Citadel within the 19th century city of Tehran. It was an …

III. “European” Style Architecture in the Qajar Period Read more »

Throughout the 1950s Liang Sicheng’s architecture advices and proposals was rejected again and again, other than his stand on preserving the entire old city which in return received backlash on his opposition to the party’s ideologies and advances, da wuding …

The Battle between Tradition v.s Modernism: Da wuding | Part 4 Read more »

Reference (Top Down): “City Planning Project Of Yerevan”. 1938. Журнал “Архитектура Ленинграда” №2(Architecture Of Leningrad) p.23-26.Access: https://ru-sovarch.livejournal.com/797314.html and 3. Harutyunian, Tigran. n.d. Yerevan. Architectural Guide.

Reference (Top-down): Mother Armenia Statue: IArmenia: Armenian History, Holidays, Sights, Events. (2017, October 22). Retrieved January 04, 2021, from https://www.iarmenia.org/mother-armenia-statue/ Historical_fact, V., 15:41:00, 2., Vasiliy_eremin vasiliy_eremin historical_fact 2019-02-05 15:41:00, & Historical_fact, V. (2019, February 05). Иронический ликбез: почему Сталин такой …

III. The Evolution of National Symbols Read more »

Reference(Top down): 1.”Old Illustrations Of Cities With Armenian Populations By Johann Baptist Homann (1663-1724) – Peopleofar”. 2021. Peopleofar. https://www.peopleofar.com/2016/01/25/old-illustrations-of-cities-with-armenian-populations-by-johann-baptist-homann-1663-1724/. 2&3. “City Planning Project Of Yerevan”. 1938. Журнал “Архитектура Ленинграда” №2(Architecture Of Leningrad) p.23-26.Access: https://ru-sovarch.livejournal.com/797314.html 4. Harutyunian, Tigran. n.d. Yerevan. Architectural Guide.

Jamsil, which began to be developed due to the decentralization policy of the Gangbuk population, secured land to construct buildings and facilities through the Public Water Reclamation Project and the Plan for Comprehensive Development of the Jamsil District. As a …

Pre-88 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Development of the Jamsil District Read more »

In the 1980s, the Seoul Metropolitan Government’s ‘Multi-nuclear City Development Study for Urban Restructuring (1984)’ and ‘Seoul 2000 Long-term Plan for Urban Development (1980)’ have set the primary station area in the area with walking distance within 500m or 10 …

Pre-88 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Planning of the Station-surrounding Areas Read more »

The article title is Foreign Relations: No. 1 Objective under the column National Affairs. This article reflects upon the US-Japan relationship after Japan’s surrender and how the intention of the US had always been to form a democratic ally in …

Foreign Relations (US and Japan post-occupation)- Time Magazine, June 27 1960 Read more »

Original plans produced by Tange and Associates in collaboration with Hiroshima Reconstruction Bureau, published 1949. These plans are embedded within a research paper by Norioki Ishimaru in 2018.   Ishimaru, Norioki, 2018. “Studies on the Relation to plan-making of Conception …

Tange and Associates Zoning Plan of Hiroshima 1949 Read more »

As President Suharto urgently sought for new urban development to reinvent the city, he made the decision to return to the abandoned northern coast of Jakarta and transform it befitting to that of a world-class waterfront city (Kusno, 2011)[1]. With …

[Report] Jakarta Waterfront City Development Report: Looking for the New Waterfront Read more »

After a series of major flood events that occurred in Jakarta, this heightened the worries of experts and citizens of the increasingly larger and more frequent floods. The immediacy of the flooding threat led the government to turn to international …

[Report] End-of-Project Report of JCDS: The Next Stage for the Giant Seawall Project Read more »

As Jakarta suffers from increasingly severe flooding each passing year, the urgency to find a solution before the next devastating catastrophe grows exponentially. With that, the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development Project (NCICD) was developed with Dutch aid, and is …

[Letter] Letter to Dutch Prime Minster Mark Rutte: Towards a More Participatory Plan Read more »

With the development of the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development Project (NCICD), its final publication of the master plan features a sprawling, full-color, 130-page document of text, photographs, diagrams, and maps (see fig. 1). Immediately turning to its first few …

[Book] Final Master Plan of NCICD Project: The Solution for the Sinking City Read more »

“In the next full-blown five years, the field will be sprinkled with as much as 25 billion won (around USD 22,000), and Sport Korea’s grand cradle will be established. The stadium and its auxiliary facilities, which will be radiated from …

1988 Olympic / 1976-1986 / Construction of the nation icon, Jamsil Sports Complex Read more »

ORIGINAL FULL TEXT The Town Planning Committee’s final report states the proposed construction process after the draft layout is made. It depicts how different purpose of buildings fit into the void the design draft. However, the residences of the local …

HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS 5 | Final report of the city planning of the Imperial Delhi. Read more »