The Materiality- The Pink Yerevan The pink cityscape we saw in Yerevan nowaday could be very much credited to A.Tamanyan.  The soft rosy appearance was resulted by application of volcanol tuff in the construction. This particular pink tuff was only …

IV. Nation-building through YEREVAN- The Materiality, Architectural Form and Ornaments Read more »

“The main features of Howard’s scheme were: (1) the purchase of a large area of agricultural land within a ring fence; (2) the planning of a compact town surrounded by a wide rural belt; (3) the accommodation of residents, industry, …

II. Nation-building through YEREVAN- A.Tamanyan’ s application of Garden City Read more »

The Jakarta Bay Reclamation in general posed a clear environmental threat, as conducted from studies by experts. Yet, it still becomes a chosen solution for many urban issues in Jakarta.[1] Aside from ecological issues, political debates also question the actors …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse V: For the Public, Who is the Public? [Part One: Governor Electoral Debate] Read more »

B#2 《沿海部分城市座谈会纪要》Conference highlights on the development of coastal cities The State Council’s notice on the approval and transfer of the “Minutes of the Seminar in Some Coastal Cities” is a law and regulation issued by the State Council on May …

B#2 《沿海部分城市座谈会纪要》Conference highlights on the development of coastal cities Read more »

Jiang Baochai, “A discussion on the colonial modernity in Taipei, take Municipal Reform Project as the core.” Art and Philosophy 20,  (June, 2012): 409-446. Retrieved from http://www.chinese.nsysu.edu.tw/uploads/chapter/file/5ddba87fbabd2904cd000603/%E5%85%A8%E6%96%87%E4%B8%8B%E8%BC%89__7_.pdf     This essay demonstrates the construction work during the Japanese ruling age, through which …

Colonization of Taipei (1895-1905) – Scheme 2. Prioritized interests of Japanese Rulers and extended influence to citizens: Ameliorated residence (Bibliography 5) Read more »

In February 2020, Anies Baswedan released Governor Decree no. 237 Year 2020 about Execution Permit for Expansion of Dunia Fantasi (DUFAN) Recreational Area ± 35 HA and Taman Impian Ancol Timur Recreational Area ± 120 HA. The latest plan of …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation Policy V.I [2020 Governor Decree]: New Islands, Same Location; The Controversy of the New Spatial Plans Read more »

Following the 2014 Provincial Government Regulation, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok) administration proceeded to plan the reclamation project by drafting Provincial Government Regulation on Jakarta Bay Spatial Planning in 2015.[1] The document essentially laid out the necessary regulations to advance the …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation Policy IV.I [2015 Jakarta Bay Spatial Planning Draft]: Reclamation for Economic and Urban Development Read more »

Alexander Tamanyan: Collection of Documents and Materials, Alexander Tamanyan (1878-1936), Collection of documents and materials, Department of Archival Affairs under the Government of the Republic of Armenia, Central State Archive of Modern History of the Republic of Armenia, “Gitutyun” Publishing …

3.04 | Collection | 2000 | Alexander Tamanyan: Collection of Documents and Materials Read more »

As early as 1884, the Japanese government established a Survey Bureau under the General Staff Headquarters of the Army Ministry, which included three sections: triangulation[三角測量], topography, and maps (Huang 1997,28). When the Japanese government colonized Taiwan in 1895, the triangulation …

Colonization of Taipei (1895-1905) – Scheme 3. City as a signifier: land statistics as political tool [Historical document 1] Read more »

            Presidential Decree No. 52 Year 1995 about the North Coast of Jakarta Reclamation is the first legal basis established to regulate the controversial Jakarta Bay reclamation project. However, it was not the first time …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation Policy I [1995 Presidential Decree]: The First Legal Basis on the Controversial Development Project Read more »

Purpose of the Report: Yangon Region, the largest economic center of Myanmar, has a population of approximately 7.36 million in 2014 (National Census). However, infrastructure has become decrepit due to limited investment and technical support caused by long economic sanction, …

Bibliography V: The Project for Updating the Strategic Urban Development Plan of the Greater Yangon: FINAL REPORT II Read more »

Abstract: Urban development in Yangon caused higher population density due to historical reasons. Consequently, the government carried out a resettlement program by establishing new towns to relieve the problems, which arose due to the lower standard of living of urban …

Bibliography IV: AN ANALYSIS OF RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM (CASE STUDY: DAGON MYOTHIT AND AYEMYATHAYA MYOTHIT) Read more »

Abstract: Change has marked Yangon, Myanmar’s capital city in recent years. Most notably the establishment of three new towns by the ruling State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) in the late 1980s increased the city’s area to more than …

Bibliography II: Yangon: The Emergence of a New Spatial Order in Myanmar’s Capital City Read more »

In the second five-year plan since 1958, there were new types of industrial departments appeared in Beijing, metallurgical industry, non-ferrous metal industry, electrical engineering laboratory, vehicle industry, chemical industry, heat, and electricity factory and mechanical factory (Beijing’s Daily, 1991, 6). …

IV. The Second Five-year Plan: A blessing or a curse on urban development? 1.1 / Beijing (1958-) Read more »

This news report is a continuation from the article with the same title published the day before (August 16). It gives the latest updates in the education, politic, food and agriculture, economic, and reconstruction spheres. One significant event this report …

Hiroshima is Being Built as a City Symbolizing Peace Part II: News Reports on Hiroshima Reconstruction in 1946 from the Lens of the People Read more »

Jakarta Giant Sea Wall Project, officially named as National Capital Integrated Coastal Development (NCICD) includes a 1250 ha land reclamation in form of 17 islands at Jakarta Bay. Located at the north coast of Jakarta, the area is locally known …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation in the Giant Sea Wall Project: Necessity or Opportunity? Read more »

In 1987,72 per cent of the active labor force was engaged in agriculture, livestock, fishery and forestry. Agriculture alone accounts for over 60 percent of the total workforce. Paddy cultivation is the predominant activity and although rural cash incomes are …

Narrative V. Yangon: Post-1988 Rural Resettlement Program, Aye Mya Thaye Read more »

The article reflected Liang Scicheng’s “socialist transformation” in his own thoughts and the integrity of architectural design and urban planning for a socialist city based on the guidance from the Soviet Union. One important takeaway for Liang was “what thoughts(mainly …

Beijing (1949-1954) / II. Soviet Experts Helped Us to Correct the Thinking of Architectural Design Read more »

竹越与三郎, <台湾统治志に题す>, 《台湾统治志》序,页1.   “It has been an acknowledged belief to the whites that it is their responsibility to colonize uncivilized territories and bring them the grace of civilizations. Japan has risen from the east end of the earth, hoping …

Colonization of Taipei (1895-1905) – Scheme 2. Prioritized interests of Japanese Rulers and extended influence to citizens: Ruling Purpose (Bibliography 1) Read more »