Chongqing

“Within the context of a planned economy, urban planning was hugely effected by policy. Affected by factors such as the mountainous topography, and guided by the policy to develop heavy industry, Chongqing became an important industrial centre in southwestern China, and it has quality of the model “Industrial city.” It is a multi-nuclear industrial city, with quite a few industrial-housing clusters. These clusters are relatively independent and self-sufficient, and there are traffic networks connecting them with the city centers.”

– Ying Wang, “A Multi-nucleus Industrial City,” 2014

Narratives


IV. Opinions of the Executive Yuan 行政院審核意見

Shao Yang

At the end of the Ten-Year Plan, there are opinions of the Executive Yuan as the comment, or critiques, on the overall plan. The comment is arranged in thirteen parts, consistent with the thirteen chapters of the Ten-Year Plan. Since the historical documents focus on the demographic analysis and transportation system, this session will share ...

III. Opinions of the Chinese Architects Ha Xiongwen 哈雄文

Shao Yang

In the twentieth century, China welcomed the first generation of architects. They received education at the University of Pennsylvania and brought the western theory back to China. Among this group of students, Ha Xiongwen 哈雄文 is the one who participated in the drafting of the Ten-Year Plan as an architect as well as a governmental ...

I. Guidelines from the Chairman

Shao Yang

Draft of Ten-Year Planning on the Construction of the Alternate Capital 陪都十年建設計劃(Ten-Year Plan) is the first systematic urban master plan of Chongqing in the modern era. As one of the post-war urban planning, the Ten-Year Plan responds to the changes and issues in political, economic and social development in modern society. It is not only a ...

Chongqing Transportation / 05: Influence of Industrial development in war time

Tang Pui Yin

Influence of Industrial Development in War Time Industrial development in Chongqing during war time As Chongqing was the capital during the Sino-Japanese War, many major state-owned factories and mines directly under the central government have moved to Chongqing. The economic policy of the National Government put the development of industry in Chongqing at a very ...

Chongqing Transportation / 04: From Representation of Modernization to Imagination of Traditional Mountainous City.

Tang Pui Yin

From Representation of Modernization to Imagination of Traditional Mountainous City. Cableway: The three-dimensional transportation system Since 1940, Chongqing has developed a series of three-dimensional public transportations for the ‘mountainous city’. The Ten-Year Planning of the Alternate Capital proposed the first cable car line in Wanglongmen and was built in 1945. Its construction makes communication between northern ...

Chongqing Transportation / 01: All begins from evacuation

Tang Pui Yin

Transportation system in Chongqing / 01: All begins from Evacuation Self-rescue: Evacuation from the city to the countryside During the Sino-Japanese War, China began shifting its base from the east to the west. Many factories, schools, national buildings, etc moved to safer places like Chongqing, resulting in a large influx of population into the city center. Japanese ...

CHONGQING Transportation [1] : Learn from the West, and adapt in the East

Tong Man Yu Miranda

One of the stakeholders and consultants of the draft, Norman J Gorden, wrote in 1947 “…, the mistakes that have been made in America and Europe should not be made in China. In the fifty years that America and Europe have developed many mistakes have been made from which China can profit.”  There are plenty ...

Historical Documents


V. Construction of Cross-river Bridges

Shao Yang

IV. Construction of the Road System, the Wartime Performance and the Peacetime Performance

Shao Yang

Historical Document – Chongqing modern-day infrastructure for the mountainous region

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Historical Document – CHONGQING TRANSPORTATION: High-speed tram line

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Historical Document – CHONGQING Air and Road Transport Station Planning

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Historical Document – Factories Distribution and Transportation Relations

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Historical Document – Distribution Planning of Satellite Towns during Chongqing alternative capital period

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Historical document / 03: Coastal region development in war time

Tang Pui Yin

Historical Document / 01: Internal transportation system in Chongqing Wartime

Tang Pui Yin

Historical document / 02: Importance of Transportation in the Ten-Year Planning

Tang Pui Yin

Historical document / 05: Influence of Industrial development on transportation system

Tang Pui Yin

Historical document / 04: Cableway system in Chongqing

Tang Pui Yin

CHONGQING Transportation [1] : Learn from the West, and adapt in the East

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Bibliography: The Draft of Ten-Year Planning on the Construction of the Alternate Capital 陪都十年建設計劃 1946-1956 Chongqing

Tong Man Yu Miranda

CHONGQING Transportation [4] : Connecting the External and Internal

Tong Man Yu Miranda

CHONGQING Transportation [3]- : Railway in Wartime Capital, the driver for industrial developments

Tong Man Yu Miranda

III. Road System of Central Area of Alternate City 陪都市中地區幹線系統圖

Shao Yang

II. An Overcrowded City Center and The Urgency of Improving Road System

Shao Yang

I. Chongqing Street Maps 1937-1947

Shao Yang

General Traffic Plan for the Ten-year Construction Plan of the Capital

Tang Xiao

Chongqing City Area

Tang Xiao

Map of Chongqing’s Main Blocks

Tang Xiao

Chongqing Street Map(1942)

Tang Xiao

Chongqing in the late Qing Dynasty

Tang Xiao

Countermeasure responding to air raids — contemporary housing during the wartime

Li Ruoxi

International Celebration Club 国际联欢社 (Jialing Hotel 嘉陵宾馆) by Yang Tingbao

Li Ruoxi

The First Suburban Highway of Chongqing — Liziba Highway 李子坝公路

Li Ruoxi

Traffic System Development in Chongqing — Three-Dimentional Crossing Exploration of Kaixuan Road 凯旋路

Li Ruoxi

new public facilities in Chongqing — Guotai Theater 国泰大戏院

Li Ruoxi

An Image of Trolleybuses in Chongqing

Kwong Tsz Tung

 

Bibliography


V. Chronicles-The1940s: The Past and The Present, The Origin and The Influence

Shao Yang

IV. Journal issued by the Ministry of the Interior, 公共工程專刊

Shao Yang

I. Academic Theories in the 1930s and the 1940s

Shao Yang

Bibliography / 04: The Development of Chongqing City based on the Air Defense and Evacuation in Wartime

Tang Pui Yin

Bibliography / 05: Three-dimensional transportation and the traditional mountainous city

Tang Pui Yin

Bibliography / 03: Coastal Space of Chongqing

Tang Pui Yin

Bibliography / 02: Analysis of The Second Capital Planning

Tang Pui Yin

Bibliography / 01 : The Ten-Year Planning on the Construction of the Second Capital

Tang Pui Yin

Bibliography: “Map of Chongqing”

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Bibliography: Chongqing Urban Traffic Planning and Practice – 10 years Under the Jurisdiction

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Bibliography: A Critical Study of the drafted Ten-Year Plan of Chongqing

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Bibliography: Critical Review on the Formulation and Planning of the drafted plan

Tong Man Yu Miranda

CHONGQING Transportation [1] : Learn from the West, and adapt in the East

Tong Man Yu Miranda

Bibliography: The Draft of Ten-Year Planning on the Construction of the Alternate Capital 陪都十年建設計劃 1946-1956 Chongqing

Tong Man Yu Miranda

CHONGQING Transportation [4] : Connecting the External and Internal

Tong Man Yu Miranda

CHONGQING Transportation [3]- : Railway in Wartime Capital, the driver for industrial developments

Tong Man Yu Miranda

III. New Chongqing 新重慶 Governmental Publicity

Shao Yang

II. Atlas of Chongqing, The Eleventh Century to The 1950s

Shao Yang

Chongqing Municipal Environmental Sanitation Construction

Tang Xiao

History of the National Government in Chongqing

Tang Xiao

“City System” Construction: The Modernization of Urban Governance in Modern Chongqing

Tang Xiao

The Evolution of Chongqing’s Modern Urban Planning Management Organization

Tang Xiao

What Kind of City Did Chongqing Plan to Be Sixty-seven Years ago: An Interpretation of the Draft Construction Plan for the Ten Years of the Alternate Capital

Tang Xiao

Comment on Architectural Works of the Master Architect Yang Tingbao in Chongqing During the Anti-Japanese War Period

Li Ruoxi

A Historical Study of Chongqing’s Modern urban Planning and Construction (1876-1949)

Li Ruoxi

Several Three-dimensional Shapes of the Latter-day Urban Road

Li Ruoxi

A Study of the History of Modern Chongqing City

Li Ruoxi

Factors on Early Modern History Study of Urban Development — Take Chongqing as an Example

Li Ruoxi

A Review on the Formulation and Planning Text of Draft of Ten-Year Planning on the Construction of the Alternate Capital

Kwong Tsz Tung

How to Build Chongqing 67 Years Ago-The Interpretation of the “Draft on Ten-Year Planning on the Construction of the Second Capital”

Kwong Tsz Tung

 

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