Delhi

“The unthoughtful master planning, which lack of consideration on the residential issue, leaded to a debate in between the Town Planning Committee and the Viceroy on whether the Paharganii should be demolished or not and also the question of the site selection had again been put on the table. “

– Raymond Tsang, “Reconsideration of the site selection,” 2020

Narratives


NARRATIVE 5 | The consequence of the Imperial Delhi

Raymond Tsang

  Through many dramas of the plan evolution of the Imperial Delhi, each iteration could not show thoughtful consideration on the housing problem in the city planning. From the first four narratives, there are only two iterations are changed based on some residential issues of the existing village. For example, as mentioned in the narrative 1, ...

NARRATIVE 4 | The social imbalance between the British and the Indian

Raymond Tsang

Although the plan is designed successfully to show the power and the greatness of the British imperial colony, the plan also neglects many urban elements apart from the grand system of the traffic, water networking and the sanitation of the city. The residential issue of the local Indian and the underprivileged citizen are not given ...

NARRATIVE 3 | Petitions from local residents

Raymond Tsang

During the city planning stage, the problem of acquisition of the old existing village, Paharganj, was not only suggested and argued by the Viceroy and some experts of the British side, but also the problem was appealed by the existing residents of that village. Those villagers knew that, for the original plan, the whole of ...

NARRATIVE 2 | Reconsideration of the site selection

Raymond Tsang

Although the Viceroy appreciated the improvement done by Lanchester and Lanchester also made another revised proposal for the master plan which enhanced the residential and the commercial zone of the old town with more curved open spaces, Hardinge alarmed a crucial problem on the site selection of the master plan. The main avenue connecting the ...

NARRATIVE 1 | Residential concern in the evolution of plan

Raymond Tsang

The New Delhi Plan has gone through many changes in the planning stage. It has been modified by different persons and they have different views on the design of the New Delhi Plan. From the design, it shows what important factors are considered by them and those factors affect the change or design decision on ...

Different opinions towards an “Imperialized India”

Chiew Yi Zheng

Throughout the planning for the New Delhi’s urban planning, Sir Edwin Lutyens was commissioned to become the architect in chief for the planning. Although he was commissioned, there was different opinions towards the proposal and different voices present. Firstly, in Sir Edwin Lutyens’ standpoint, he was a strong believer that “European Classicism is only architecture that ...

Significance of Lutyens’ Imperialized city

Chiew Yi Zheng

Lutyens’ aim was to create the ideal city, the garden city with extravagance of avenues and green belts, connecting different cultural buildings from the place. It not only imposes imperialistic ideas, creating the garden city of India, it is considered the ‘most beautifully designed urban form in India’ by INTACH. It has left the statement ...

Failures of Lutyens’ Imperial City

Chiew Yi Zheng

One of Lutyen’s failure in building the city of New Delhi was that – given the extravagant planning that Lutyens’ for New Delhi, with the planning on the extravagant avenues and radial roads. It has failed to address any urbanistic problems in its context, and that it is only for a statement for the New ...

Creating an Imperial New Delhi – Architecture Style of Viceroy House

Chiew Yi Zheng

The architect of the Viceroy house is Edwin Lutyens, it is the current residence for the president of India. It includes reception halls, guest rooms, offices and resident areas. It also has open spaces and green spaces, and living quarters for the workers and guards. It is placed at the heart and is placed at ...

Creating an Imperial New Delhi – Viceroy’s House

Chiew Yi Zheng

The positioning of the viceroy’s city is an emphasis on New Delhi’s identity, that it is an imperial city, with a blend of cultures of the British and the Indian. The Viceroys house is placed at one of the central avenues in the planning of the city. The Viceroys house was the Government House at ...

Delhi: Image of Capital- Impacts of Symbolism & Imperialism

Wong Sum Yu

The use of symbolism on the planning of New Delhi was adopted to impose the colonial imperialism that the British Empire wished to achieve. The clear ceremonial gate, The King’s Way which led visitors’ sight to the Viceroy’s House (renamed as The Presidential Palace) on the Raisina Hill(Fig.1.1). The vivid hexagonal transition to triangular urban ...

Delhi: Assertion of Imperialism-Urban Form and Architecture

Wong Sum Yu

New Delhi could be classified as one of the most important Imperial Project with its scale and political situation, the assertion of imperialism through urban form and architecture were well acknowledged. The New Delhi Town Planning Committee at that time used references in meetings to come up with the layout and planning of the capital ...

Delhi: Role as Colony- Unique Urban Fabric shaped by Cultural Hybrid

Wong Sum Yu

City, has a role of being one of the central elements in a cultural system that at the same time, “as a signifying system through which a social system is communicated, reproduced, experienced, and explored”. Therefore, people and places can “communicate” through a city, so as identity and power.    With regards to the vivid aim and ...

Delhi: Town Planning and Architecture-Political and Imperial Pressure over Pure Urban Factors?

Wong Sum Yu

In the view of many scholars, New Delhi is a political project, a project initiated and practiced in a form of cultural dominance. The architecture’s mission was to express Britain;s national ideals and provide a framework to make sense of law and order provided by colonial rule. 1* That was the aim and purpose of ...

Delhi: Changing Capital: Political or Social Decision?

Wong Sum Yu

The capital of the Indian Empire was in Calcutta, the siting was fine until the Viceroy Lord Curzon’s provincial reform and partitioned the Bengal province into East and West Bengal in 1905 which led to the unstable political responses locally(Fig. 1.1). This was aiming at dissolving the growing Hindus impact, thus separated out Muslim dominating ...

Historical Documents


 

Bibliography


BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 | Planned Illegalities: Housing and the Failure of Planning in Delhi: 1947 – 2010

Raymond Tsang

BIBLIOGRAPHY 4 | Town Planning in Delhi: A Critique

Raymond Tsang

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1 | Imperial Delhi: The British Capital of the Indian Empire

Raymond Tsang

BIBLIOGRAPHY 3 | From Ghalib’s Dilli to Lutyens’ New Delhi: A Documentary Record

Raymond Tsang

BIBLIOGRAPHY 2 | Indian Summer : Lutyens, Baker and Imperial Delhi

Raymond Tsang

Different opinions towards an “Imperialized India”

Chiew Yi Zheng

Significance of Lutyens Imperialized city

Chiew Yi Zheng

Failures of Lutyens’ Imperial City

Chiew Yi Zheng

Creating an Imperial New Delhi – Architecture Style of Viceroy House

Chiew Yi Zheng

Creating an Imperial New Delhi – Viceroy’s House

Chiew Yi Zheng

Delhi: Edwin Lutyens, New Delhi, and the Architecture of Imperialism, Ridley, Jane 1998

Wong Sum Yu

Delhi: A British Empire for the Twentieth Century: The Inauguration of New Delhi, Johnson, David 2008

Wong Sum Yu

Delhi: New Delhi, Byron, Robert 1931

Wong Sum Yu

Delhi: Indian Summer : Lutyens, Baker and Imperial Delhi, Irving, Robert Grant 1981

Wong Sum Yu

Delhi: The Life of Sir Edwin Lutyens-Hussey, Christopher 1984

Wong Sum Yu

Delhi: Space Formation and Transformation of the Urban Tissue

Kwok Mei Ling

Delhi: Transfer of Capital Calcutta to Delhi: Documents And Reports

Kwok Mei Ling

Delhi: Negotiating Cultures: Delhi’s Architecture and Planning

Kwok Mei Ling

Delhi: Planning, traffic and the city: railway development in colonial Delhi

Kwok Mei Ling

Delhi: Connaught Place and the Making of New Delhi, Swapna Liddle

Kwok Mei Ling

 

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