– Documentation Gallery Map of Mahim Woods and Salt Plans © 1905 Maharashtra State Archives, Mumbai Map of 1905 reconstructed from Laughton’s map of 1872 showing new roads and improved transport © Maharashtra State Archives, Mumbai Plan of Bombay mill area showing chawl sites (within the arc) © Maharashtra State Archives, Mumbai Map of Lower Parel Division – showing mills survey in 1915 and corrected until 1955 © Maharashtra State Archives, Mumbai Locality map of congested central Bombay © 1905 Maharashtra State Archives, Mumbai Chawl © The Times of India Map of Railroad System in India © 1870 Cotton bales lying at the Bombay Terminus of the Great indian Peninsular Railway ready for shipment to England © 1862 Illustrated London News Panorama view of Marine Drive by A. L. Syed © 1920s Phillips Images Panorama of Back Bay from Malabar Hill by Raja Deen Dayal © 1920s Phillips Images Garden City © Ebenezer Howard Queenstown,1980 Masterplan Source: http://www.ura.gov.sg/dc/mp58/mp80map_index.htm Queenstown, 1958 Masterplan Source: http://www.ura.gov.sg/dc/mp58/mp58map_index.htm Prost’s proposal roads in Beyoglu connecting Taksim Square to karakoy and associated viaducts and tunnels Prost’s Master Plan for Beyoglu The Gateway of India (in the foreground), the Royal Bombay Yacht Club (on the right), the Taj Mahal Hotel (on the left). In the background are the unfinished reclamation, Back Bay and Malabar Hill © A. R. Haseler Back Bay from Malabar Hill © 1850 View of Back Bay © circa 1860 Expansion of Seoul Changes in the urban structure of downtown Seoul (a) city fortress of Seoul before modernization (b) city ward improvement plan, 1912 (c) city ward improvement plan, 1919 (d) present-day urban structure of downtown Seoul Urban hanok Japanese-style houses Seven Islands 1973 to today The plague and suburbia development First rails and first cotton mills Segregation between the british and the natives From seven islets to one island 1708-1772 population growth plan to develop the backbay Bombay Harbour The Island city in 1909 Map of Mumbai comparing the before and after landfill of Mumbai (before) comparing the before and after landfill of Mumbai (green is the new land) density and program of Dharavi density and program of Dharavi.1 Map of Keijo Map of Seoul during the Japanese colonial period Road clearing in Seoul, early Japanese colonial period Student Demonstration along Rajadamnoen Avenue © 1973, Public Domain Open Space Map of Istanbul Historical Peninsula in1922 Baeb Nawakam Drawings with Thai idioms illustration © 1919, The National Archives of Thailand Detail of map of Bangkok Tramway Lines © 1920, Bibliothèque Nationale de France Inaugural running of Tram Samsen-Hualamphong Line © 1901, National Archives of Thailand Celebrations for the equestrian statue © 1908, The National Archives of Thailand Saphan Han Bridge © 1912, Public Domain Fair at Wat Benjamabophit © 1901, The National Archives of Thailand Tradition, Democracy and the Townscape of Kyoto: Claiming a Right to the Past Map of Israel, 2013 Map of Israel and Palestine, 1947 Difference between SIT and HDB Flats Sources: http://www.teoalida.com/singapore/SIT-Tiong-Bahru-3-room-77sqm.jpg http://www.teoalida.com/singapore/HDB-1960-1970-3STD-corridor.png Yakushiji residence, Horikawa-dori Picture of the Japanese district Honmachi during the occupation Picture of the Gwanghwamun Door of the Gyeongbok Palace before its destruction (beginning of the 20th century) The Gyeongbok Palace Road that leads to the Haji Ali and Worli © im.rediff.com View of the Breach Causeway at Bombay © Oldphotosbombay.blogspot.co.uk The Seven Islands of Combay and the reclaimed land © Map of the Island of Bombay © 1843 Queenstown Plan, HDB Commonwealth (N) & Tanglin Halt (S) highlighted in red. Circa 1960 Source: http://drm.a2o.nas.sg/DJVUServer/getImage.jsp?file=/picas_data/tn_pcd/19980007238-8105-3181-1042/img0088.jpg Circa 1950s Source: http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2391/2157756527_3b5577baa0.jpg movement of eliminating illiteracy Algeri-Le Corbusier Garden City Diagram Urban Development along the Esplanade in the second half of the 19th century © Maharashtra State Archives, Mumbai Plan of the unwalled town of Bombay © 1886, W.J. Addis; redrawn by Prasad Gogate Queenstown Plan, SIT. Circa 1950s Source: http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2391/2157756527_3b5577baa0.jpg Princess Margaret Estate Source: http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2391/2157756527_3b5577baa0.jpg Strategically positioned 1970s point block at Toa Payoh Town Centre. Source: Photograph by Jeremy San Tzer Ning Henry Collbran (1852-1925) Toa Payoh in early 1970s. Source: http://22.214.171.124/content/dam/pmosite/mediacentre/speechesninterviews/primeminister/2009/August/Slide43_ToaPayohLate1960s_HDB_s.jpg Toa Payoh under construction in 1967 SIT’s Preliminary Plan of Toa Payoh New Town SIT’s Master Plan in 1958 – Toa Payoh women rushing to department store Mitsukoshi Department Store 1930s Naisen ittai Street space involved in the 1967 riots Tokyo | Kengo Tange plan showing residential sector and infrastructural passage New city center in Jakarta © 1995, American Planning Association Japanese-style Korean Cultural Education Korean worker Tokyo | Advertisement for New Town Heian Shrine, Kyoto 西行物語絵巻 Illlustrated Scroll of the Story of Priest Saigyo, twelfth century The metropolitan area © International Urban Development Association Tange’s housing system for Boston Harbour, in which he tried to produce architecture that mediated between the human scale and the modern urban infrastructure scale © 1959, MIT kominka movement Tokyo | Kabuki-cho Development development in the near future of Chongqing Restoration of the Byzantine fortification Plan of the Park of Archaeology (1936-1947) the ecological green corridor of education zone two wings and one corridor Population distribution by distance bands within the major metropolitan areas. Urban Sprawl 1960 – 1994 three stages of construction Table – Comparisono of resource use, waste produced and livability in squatter and high-rise housing in the Ciliwung River area of Jakarta in 1994 @ Afrief, 1997. institutions in education zone Push Pull Factors of Migration © http://blogs.swa-jkt.com/swa/11510/2013/03/05/rural-urban-migration-in-jakarta-indonesia/ Kampung in Jakarta © ANTARA Japanese Assimilation Policies in Colonial Korea, 1910-1945 UNESCO World Heritage Sites 3 UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2 UNESCO World Heritage Sites 1 Gion Matsuri in 1920s Gion Matsuri Parade Yasaka Shrine Orienting Istanbul: Cultural Capital of Europe ? Kyoto World Heritage Map Plan of extention of Tokyo into the Bay, 1961 Model seen from above and in elevation of Plan for the redevelopment of the Tsukiji quarter, 1966-1967 Aerial view of Tokyo, 1969 Aerial view of Kyoto, 1969 Design of pathway that came first Memorial Peace Park Map Pre-war Hiroshima City Fabric 1930s © http://www.hiroshima-spirit.jp/en/museum/morgue_e11.html http://i47.tinypic.com/35n203l.jpg Chongqing. Map of towns. Wang Ying Chongqing, mountain city, 1960s Chongqing, bus routs, 1954 Topography, Chongqing Multinucles-Chongqing-with-industrial-housing-clusters-1983 steelmaking, Chongqing Chongqing. Diagram of zoning. Chongqing. Map of urban planning, made in 1981 General History of Chongqing Diagram showing the change of ownership of business in Chongqing, which is a big support to the industry. Overall Urban Planning of Chongqing Chongqing’s Memory of 60 years Temporary housing in the Motomachi District around 1949 Hiroshima Prefecture and City of Hiroshima in 1978 © Commemorative Book for Motomachi District Redevelopment Project, March 1979, p.11. Public and illegal housing site map in the Motomachi District around 1966, drawn © Hiroshima Prefecture and the City of Hiroshima in 1978, Commemorative Book for Motomachi District Redevelopment Project, 1979, p.6. A photograph of the Children’s Cultural Hall © Hiroshima Municipal Archives Bulletin, Vol.11, March 1988, p.85. Tange’s layout plan of the Children’s Center © Kokusai Kenchiku, April 1950, p.30. Hiroshima City Planning © http://thetemplesofconsumption.blogspot.hk/2012_02_01_archive.html Tange’s Peace Park Project Plan that extends to Chuo Park © Kokusai Kenchiku, April 1950, p.30. SIT’s Master Plan in 1958 – Toa Payoh area Four Leaf Clover Flat, Ang Mo Kio (1981) Rochor Centre (1977) Sloping-Roof Flats, Potong Pasir (1982) Margaret Drive Flat (1960) Butterfly Block, Mei Ling Road (1973) Kangkar Village wholesale fish market in 1984 Kampong Lorong Fatimah at woodlands in 1980s Jalan Kayu Village in 1956 location of HDB development Old and new enthnic enclaves in Singapore “Y-shaped” 19-storey tower block in Toa Payoh. Every stair a sculpture; a feature in pre-war Tiong Bahru SIT flats. Post-War Tiong Bahru SIT flats with the “rounded balconies” where the staircase is located. tourist ships on Haihe River with the ‘eye’ of Tianjin a shutdown thermal power plant deserted industrial company in Chongqing main industrial companies in Chongqing in 1990 The urban plan in 1983 industrial city proposed by Tony Garnier Images of Chongqing City Location of Chongqing in China etters sent to LuShouqian for urban planning permission a piece of building code Memorial Peace Museum The height regulation in ,1941 Hagia Sophia Ruin of the Acropolis of the Ancient Byzantium Tokyo | Map 1987 Tokyo | Map 1914 Tokyo | Map 1892 The site of pre war, post war and present day of Memorial Peace Park Flag of Malaysia (1963-Now) Malay Style National Museum, Malaysia Southeast Asia Urbanism The Meaning and Power of Social Space by Hans-Dieter Evers and Rudiger Korff Architecture and Urban Form in Kuala Lumpur by Yat Ming Loo Flag of Federation of Malaya (1950-1963) Shophouse in Petaling Street Victims of 13 May incident Petaling Street (Chinatown) nowadays Edited by Ramon H. Myers and Mark R. Peattie Constantinople during Ottoman Period (1915) Istanbul Old Map in the Republic of Turkey (1922) Constantinople in Ottoman Empire (1915) Passengers boarding a tramar Shinzo Hamai quickly took over the role as the unofficial mayor of Hiroshima immediately after bombing, which killed the mayor and most of Hiroshima’s board members, working intensely with military and prefectural authorities on relief measures for the bomb-devastated city. Besides his huge contribution to leading the relief measures for Hiroshima immediately after the war, Hamai took charge of the long-term reconstruction of Hiroshima. © 2013, Peace Palace Library. Tadashi Teramitsu was the director general of the Proceedings of the Upper House © 1995, Fukushima, Y. consuming korean tradition in early and late modernity commodification tourism and performance Written by Todd A. Henry Hua Nangui’s Diagrammatic Sketch on Beijing’s Redevelopment © 1986, 北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部 During the inauguration of the statue, three women in their 80s that were forced to be a “comfort women” This map covers the area situated between Jung-gu (in orange) and Jongno-gu (in purple). Aerial view of Cheonggyecheon Before and after view of Cheonggyecheon Remaining pillars of the expressway that was formerly in place Comfort women being transported The memorial statue representing the comfort women placed in front of the Japanese Embassy. (2012) “Early days of development of Yeouido” Current map of seoul’s districts Late 1930s map Dawoud Zalatimo, 1979 Dome of Rock “Riot police try to disperse demonstrators protesting election rigging during the April 19 Students’ Uprising of 1960 in this file photo. After citizens and professors joined the demonstrations, Syngman Rhee, the nation’s first president, stepped down. / Korea Times File” Land Day 1989, Ghazi Inieem Seperation Barrier Up against the wall Isolated Palestinian enclaves within the barrier as planned in summer 2003 Isolated Israeli Islands within the barrier in Summer 2002 (estimated path) Jerusalem from the mid-19th to the General Armistice Agreement of 1949 Bashir Al Sinwar The Wailing wall modern times Paratroopers at the wall (1967) WailingWall(1898-1914) The Seperation Barrier – Jerusalem Area, May 2005. Source Btselem Abdul Rahman Al Muzayen, 1978 Suleiman Mansour, Camel of Hardship 1974 Mahmoud Khalili, Embrace, 1987 Abdul Rahman al-Muzayen, 1984 Ibrahim Saba, 1985 1944 subdivision of city land into eight districts 1937 historical map of Tianjin 1930 historical map of Tianjin original city center 1919 historical map of Tianjin Figure 2: Haniwa figure of house clay, from the Kofun period (300 CE to 710 CE) author: Lin Xi press: Tianjin Peoples Publishing House Figure 1: proposal of Cenotoph by Isamu Nogachi Boundaries of Jerusalem since 1967 United Nations Corpus Separatum plan for Jerusalem (1947) Jewish Agency Partition Plan for Jerusalem 1937 Gardens built in Edo and Momoyama periods Henri Prost GUL, M.( 2009) The Emergence of Modern Istanbul : Transformation and Modernization of a City. London: Tauris Acadmeic Studies. Project of Ataturk Boulevard at 1/500 scale by Henri Prost The expropriation area according to the Prost’s Plan Eminonu Square after and before the implementation of Pros Plan The Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid II (reign 1876-1909) wearing a fez © 2007 Ponentin “The day after Japan surrendered” Parks proposed in the 1946 postwar reconstruction plan of Hiroshima © 1985, Motomi Nanba et al. photo of Taksim Sqaure nowadays © 2012 Flickr The Taksim Artillery Barracks that are being demolished © 1986 Gulersoy The orientalist facade of Taksim Artillery Barracks facing the square © 1986 Gulersoy Programmatic Diagram of Downstream of Hai River 2006-2020 Tian Jin Urban Planning Map 2006-2020 Tian Jin Urban Planning Diagram The dual City Tian Jin at present Plan of Downstream of Hai River Plan of Midstream of Hai River Plan of Upsteam of Hai River Program Distribution along the Hai River Sector Division of Hai River Tianjin Planning Bureau, 天津市城市总体规划 (2006-2020) “Photography of Gwanghwamun Gate in front of the Japanese Government Building © 1973, Stephen Booth” the Secondary Gate at present the Secondary Gate completed in 1985 Tide-resist Gate at present Tide-resist Gate completed in 1958 Author: Tianjin Bureau of planning and Land Resources Bureau Press: Tianjin Historical Books Publishing House “Photography of the Japanese Government Building © 1929, 門田房太郞 “Old photography of Gyeonbokgung” Detail from the Galata-Pera Plan©1940 Istanbul Ataturk Library The first female MPs of the Turkish Parliament, © 1935 Turkish Parliament Drawing of Süleymaniye Mosque© 1943, Pierre Jaubert, Prost’s assistant Sketch Map of the Basic Work and Residential Zones in Relation to Old Beijing © 1986, Liang Sicheng The New Administration District in Relation to Old Beijing © 1986, 北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部 Plan For Development Of Beijing’s Suburban Areas (Revised In 1954) © 1986, 北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部 Beijing Urban Master Plan in sketch (revised in 1954) © 1986, 北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部 Location of the Administration Center in the Beijing Urban Master Plan of 1953 © 1995, Li Zhun Plan Of Soviet Experts for Distribution of Government Office Buildings © 1996, Gao Yilan Barannikov’s Plan For Beijing’s Urban Development © 1998, Dong Guangqi . Study of a road network for the Old Istanbul Master Plan by Henri Prost Istanbul European Side Master Plan – Principal roads indicated on a photograph from the model of (1/2000 scale), 1943 Introducing Street Life into the Roads and Infrastructure during the Umbrella Movement Urban growth patterns of Tokyo from 1960 to 1995. spectrum from black to white is from high to low densities. Istanbul European Side Master Plan (1/5000 scale), Old Istanbul by Henri Prost Istanbul European Side Master Plan (1/5000 scale), Galata-Pera by Henri Prost (1937) “The Sheep of Ankara, shows its hand last” ©1922 , Sedat Simavi Map of Taxation in Turkey in 1927 © 1927 Donald Everett Webster “The Sheep of Ankara, shows its hand last” ©1922 , Sedat Simavi UNGOR,U.( 2011) The Making of Modern Turkey.United Kingdom: Oxford University Press ATABAKI, T. and ZURCHER, E.(2004) Men of Order : Authoritarian Modernization Under Atatürk and Reza Shah.London : I.B.Tauris. Map of Istanbul railway network © Tcdd Fig.5. Table summarizing laws and regulations which control the buffer zones and the historic environment control area Fig.4. Table summarizing laws and regulations which control the buffer zones and the historic environment control area Fig.3. Table summarizing laws and regulations which control the buffer zones and the historic environment control area Fig.2. Map Indicating the location of the property sites in Japan Fig.1b. Map Indicating the location of the property in Kinki area Saigon, French Colonial Era, 1890 Saigon, Pre-colonial era, 1790 Tiong Bahru Estate Source: http://therealsingapore.com/sites/default/files/field/image/filename-tb44-jpg-thumbnail0.jpg Fig.1a. Map Indicating the Location of the property in Japan Saigon, South Vietnam, 1961 Saigon, South Vietnam, 1961 Saigon, South Vietnam, 1954 Saigon, Pre-colonial era, 1790 Saigon, French Colonial Era, 1920 Saigon, French Colonial Era, 1920-1940 Embassy of the United States, Saigon, 1975 (Source Unknown) The Current Reunification Palace (Source: http://www.saigondistricts.com/place/the-reunification-palace/) Saigon, Pre-colonial era, 1790 Saigon, Pre-colonial era, 1815 Saigon, French Colonial Era, 1867 Meyerson, Joel D: Cholon after Tet Offensive, 1968 (Meyerson, J. (1986). Images of a lengthy war. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army) Map of Saigon, 1954 Fall, B. (1967). The two Viet-Nams: A political and military analysis (2nd rev. ed.). New York: Frederick A. Praeger. Behind the blockade line, the streets were empty with social life Street space in between industrial buildings at San Po Kong Photography showing the unconscious choice of street to be the space for protest xxxx Districts planning fff ccc cccc DaBei cultural district Martin Wagner, German architect, urban planner and author Journey to the East (travel diary) written by Le Corbusier in 1911 Constantinople and Istanbul Old and New written by H.G. Dwight The End of the Ottoman Empire 1908-1923 written by A.L. Macfie Istanbul High School built in Ottoman Revivalism Style The Dolmabahce Palace completed in 1856 A slogan, saying “If you have difficulties, go to the Branch; If you have problems, talk to the Party Member.” book of household registration in 1950s Street front of a typical kyo-machiya A classical kyo-machiya is converted into a pastry shop The entrance to a high-rise building resembles a kyo-machiya. Aerial plan of the renewal of Tsukiji Area, Tokyo Jerusalem 1913 19th century old and new maps Catherwood Map 1835 West Kowloon Cultural District (Headland Area) Map © 2013, West Kowloon Cultural District Authority Nouva Pianta di Roma, 1748, G.B. Nolli Various social actives took place; the linkage between individuals had never been that close © 2014, Mingpao A sign in Kowloon Park with a number of not-to-dos, limiting the user activities in a public park. Banners were put up by protesters to voice out their wishes on democracy, which at the same time made the area a public plaza for social discussion. A sign in Hong Kong Velodrome showing “No biking” while this space is designed to be used by bicycle riders and promote biking culture in Hong Kong. Protesters placed shelters and tents as temporary dwellings to stay overnight. Mobile classrooms and study rooms were set up for students who joined class boycott © 2014, Mingpao Alexander B. Woodside (1976) Community and Revolution in Modern Vietnam. Cambridge: East Asian Research Center, Harvard University Photo of the interior space © 2006, Arcspace Photo of the wall-mounted appliances © 2006, Arcspace Photo of Nakagin Capsule Tower © 2006, Arcspace Many cargo ships anchored off Shibaura in Tokyo Bay on March 14, 1967. Kasumigaseki Building (center) near completion in the far back and Tokyo Tower is on the left. On the right in the back is the mouth of Sumida River and on the left in the back is Hamarikyu Garden. A gas tank in Tamachi is visible near the left corner. The photo shows the aerial view of the capital from above Tokyo port 50 years later. Yoyogi National Gymnasium (venue of swimming events) and annex (venue of basketball competitions) were under construction in 1963. Photo of the occupied area in Admiralty on September 29th 2014 © 2014, BBC NEWS Fall of Saigon 1975© 2009, ColdWarWarriors SHEEHAN, Neil. (1992) TWO CITIES: Hanoi and Saigon. Great Britain: Jonathan Cape. Site map of Asia Pacific Finance Tower showing the incorporation of public space into the footprint of the building Map showing the pedestrian movements serviced the monopoly, Jardines, in the Central District ‘Diagrammatic Plan of Tange’s Peace Memorial Park’ © Kenchiku Zasshi, October-November 1949 Plan of Tiong Bahru Estate Photo of the interior space © 2006, Arcspace Istanbul Old Map in the Republic of Turkey (1924) The gymnasium and annex are now called the First Gymnasium and Second Gymnasium of Yoyogi National Gymnasium, respectively. West Kowloon Cultural District (Headland Area) Map © 2013, West Kowloon Cultural District Authority Road celebrating the new government with vehicle and elites. The victory of the bureaucratic elites for a constitutional monarchy. The Admiralty Map (金鐘上河圖) Causeway Bay: SOGO and Hysan Place © 2014, K.K. Rebecca Lai and Sergio Peçanha Admiralty: Government Offices © 2014, K.K. Rebecca Lai and Sergio Peçanha Umbrella Movement (zoom in) © 2014, Kong Chi Lo Umbrella Movement © 2014, Kong Chi Lo Tokyo World Design Conference, 1960 Mong Kok: Argyle Street and Nathan Road © 2014, K.K. Rebecca Lai and Sergio Peçanha Emphasis on the linearity Proposal by Kenzo Tange in 1961. This idea, although not realized, provided uprising Japanese architecture movement Metabolism the solid foundation. This shows the tectonic relationship between the land and sea in the project of Ocean City done by Kikutake Kiyonori (1968) Photography by Shigeo Hayashi Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, Photo by US Army Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, Photo by Shigeo Hayashi Photography by Shunkichi Kikuchi (1947 and 1945) ATOMIC BOMB DAMAGE STATUS IN HIROSHIMA Aerial Photo of Before and After of Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima in 1945 Kyoto/ Map of zoning in 17th century Kyoto/ Map showing important historic sites/ World War II/ US Army Kyoto/Map showing conservation zones and preserved urban green zones in and around Kyoto. This is an image of tokyo skyline at night.