Hong Kong

“What makes citizens choose a particular form of protest? How does space function as mediator between these citizens and their political acts? Whose power and control drive negotiations between citizens and regimes during protests? We are interested in the history of Hong Kong protests, how the past and current protest movements suggest the creation and transformation of architectural space and urban planning. In other words, we are interested in how people use, manipulate, claim, and appropriate urban space while advocating for their own values. We would look into the three key events, past major protest in Victoria Park, the completion of ‘Door Always Open’ and Umbrella Movement and examine the relationship between the protesters and urban spaces in the city. After that, we would like to find some hints and generate urban ideas for the organization of public spaces for citizens.”

– Anthony Lee, “Space for Protest,” 2014

Narratives


Mei Foo Sun Chuen – Political Factor

Chow Jerry

As a result of the unity of local residents, “outsider politicians” particularly those affiliated with political groups, find it very difficult to penetrate into the Mei Foo Sun Chuen community. After all, there are two prominent figures, namely Chung Pui Lam and Ambrose Cheung (both are flats owners in Mei Foo Sun Chuen) who have ...

Neigbourliness of Mei Foo Sun Chuen

Chow Jerry

The sense of neighbourliness is very strong in Mei Foo Sun Chuen because of the co-existence of the many residents organisations such as the Lai Wan Rai Forig Welfare Association, the stage Owners & Tenants Association, Mei Foo General Merchants Association, Mel Ching United. Sports & Recreation Association, etc. One representative from each of the ...

Maintenance of Quality – Mel Foo Sun Chuen

Chow Jerry

Although Mei Foo Sun Chuen was built in the sixties, the external appearance of the 99 towers are regularly renovated under a 5-year periodic maintenance programme with a special fund approved by the Consultative Councìl on recommendation of the Estate Manager. The value of the property is therefore enhanced through this sort of major periodic ...

Mel Foo Sun Chuen – a Built Community

Chow Jerry

The 40-acre project is divided into eight separate but interconnected stages, and was completed in mid-1978. lt houses 13,110 families – comprising of 70,000-80,000 people, in 99 blocks of 20-storey buildings. It has its own shopping and recreation areas, schools, a community centre, post office, police post and fresh produce stalls. Many of the residents ...

Emergence of Mei Foo Sun Chuen

Chow Jerry

Mei Foo Sun Chuen was conceived in the 1960s to meet the housing needs of Hong Kong’s middle-income families, an emerging and growing group under Hong Kong’s economic transformation from a laissez-faire entrepot to a thriving industrial and commercial community. In the sixties, the prìvate real estate sector ias providing large European style apartments for ...

Symbolism of middle class: Mei Foo Sun Chuen

Kam Ching Tung

Mei Foo Sun Chuen was said to serve and meet the housing demand of the middle-income families in the 1960s in Hong Kong, when there is a growing number of people and demands due to the economic transformation changing the economic hence social structure back then. Housing units in developments of housing estates were provided ...

Role model for other housing estate: Mei Foo Sun Chuen

Kam Ching Tung

Mei Foo Sun Chuen can be literally interpreted as Shell Oil Residential Estate, which was planned and designed by Wong Tung & Partners that pioneered in planning large scale residential areas. Since the housing estate was constructed on the old dock, it successfully inspired other companies in Hong Kong, Swire Group. Originally the main business ...

Like a city: Mei Foo Sun Chuen

Kam Ching Tung

Mei Foo Sun Chuen was said to be a self-sustained town like a city in Hong Kong. The housing towers stand on the podium garden while below that is where the traffic facilities are located at. There are several schools, medical clinics, salons, newspaper kiosks, supermarkets, shopping arcades, restaurants and food markets. The private secondary ...

Local mass production of residential blocks: Mei Foo Sun Chuen

Kam Ching Tung

The residential blocks were built in cruciform as its shape, enabling every unit to receive maximized lighting and air ventilation. Among all the 99 housing blocks in Mei Foo Sun Chuen, there are balcony and also two rooms and one bathroom offered at least for every apartment unit. The size of a housing unit varies ...

The first-ever large scale private housing estate: Mei Foo Sun Chuen

Kam Ching Tung

Built from the year of 1968 to 1978, there are totally 8 phrases completed throughout the years forming the largest housing estate, Mei Foo Sun Chuen in Hong Kong. The land was previously used for the company Mobil as a place for petroleum storage and later on, the housing estate was initiated and developed by ...

HKSAR Where the Public Spillover Ends Part 2: Times Square

Gabriel Chan

Times Square does the opposite of integrating. Next to the Canal Road Flyover, it sought to be a landmark with towers over 39 storeys erecting above tenement houses in the area. The project carves out a void in the urban fabric at Russell Street with an open ground level. Visually, in addition to the Jumbo ...

HKSAR Where the Positive Spillover Ends Part 1: Jardine House

Gabriel Chan

Jardine House is located on the final phase of reclamation at the Central waterfront, opposite the General Post Office, being a new addition to the portfolio of Hong Kong Land Holdings Limited in 1972. It was originally commissioned under the name The Connaught Centre, branded to the tallest building in Hong Kong for the decade. ...

HONG KONG/ EVOLUTION OF MULTILEVEL PEDESTRIAN PODIUM 1960s

Liu Yiding

The multilevel pedestrian podium is an essential component of the multilevel pedestrian network in Central as a hub connected by multilevel walkways (Figure 1). It evolved mainly from the pedestrian deck proposed by the government in the 1960s.   In 1960, the quality of “environment” became a pressing concern for Hong Kong planners and architects when the ...

HONG KONG/ THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES OF THE MULTILEVEL PEDESTRIAN NETWORK 1960-70S

Liu Yiding

Hong Kong has been widely admired as a manifesto for the walking environment among all the cities in the world. The multilevel pedestrian networks were proposed in the 1960s and were continuously developed during the four decades afterwards. The multilevel pedestrian networks have gone beyond the identity of infrastructure and were also admitted and analyzed ...

HONG KONG/ THE MIXTURE OF THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MULTILEVEL PEDESTRIAN NETWORK 1960-70S

Liu Yiding

The urban environment of Hong Kong is featured with its extreme connectivitiy, accessibility and density. Such identity is significantly fostered by its multilevel pedestrian network, which emerged in the 1970s to prioritize the pedestrian network segregated from the wheels. The consortium between the public and private appeared to be a distinctively unique mode in the ...

Historical Documents


 

Bibliography


King, A.Y.C. (1972) , The Administration Absorption of Politics in Hong Kong with Special Emphasis on the CDO Scheme, S.R.C. Chinese University, Hong Kong

Chow Jerry

Fung, Ho Lap (1992), Political Challenges of Community Work In The Post Transitional Period, CD Resource Book 1991-1992, The Hong Kong Council of Social Service.

Chow Jerry

Kan, A. (undated) , A Study of Neighbourly Interaction in Public Housing : The Case of Hong Kong, Social Research Centre, Chinese University, H.K.

Chow Jerry

Fong, P.K.W., undated Neighbourhood Development, Centre of Urban Studies and Urban Planning, University of Hong Kong.

Chow Jerry

Fong, P. ILW. (1984) , The Management of Highrise Residential Development in Hong Kong, The Institute of Housing (Hong Kong Branch) Journal, 1984.

Chow Jerry

Lyon Larry. 1989. The Community In Urban Spciety, Lexington Books.

Kam Ching Tung

Sherry Rosen. 1985. Mei Foo Sun Chuen Middle-Class Chinese Families in Transition. Asian Folklore and Social Life Monographs

Kam Ching Tung

A Study of Neighbourly Interaction in Public Housing : The Case of Hong Kong, Social Research Centre, Chinese University, H.K..

Kam Ching Tung

David Bellis. Old Hong Kong Photos and The Tales They Tell. 2017

Kam Ching Tung

City Within a City. Asian Architect & Builder. 1974.

Kam Ching Tung

HONG KONG / BIBLIOGRAPHY / THE PUBLIC BATHROOM

Sussan Chan

HOUSING | Vertical Slums – The Greater Issue Beyond Sanitation (2015-Future)

KaWai Cheung

HOUSING | Public Health Reports (1895-1913)

KaWai Cheung

HKG/ Documents from HKMMS

Judy Chu

Umbrella Revolution Description 2

Ho Yin Lui

Umbrella Revolution Description 1

Ho Yin Lui

Hong Kong / Video Clips of Umbrella Movement

Anthony K. Lee

Hong Kong / The Right to walk on Ground

Anthony K. Lee

Hong Kong/ Bibliography

Karen K.Y. Lee

 

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